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Franz Joseph Haydn

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Biography

Rohrau, Austria (1732 – 1809)

Joseph Haydn (31 March or 1 April 1732–31 May 1809) was a leading of the period, called the “Father of the ” and “Father of the ”.

The name “Franz” was not used in the composer’s lifetime; scholars, along with an increasing number of music publishers and recording companies, now use the historically more accurate form of his name, rendered in English as “Joseph Haydn”.

A life-long resident of Austria, Haydn spent most of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Eszterházy family on their remote estate. Being isolated from other composers and trends in music until the later part of his long life, he was, as he put it, “forced to become original”.

Joseph Haydn was the brother of Michael Haydn, himself a highly regarded composer at the court of Archbishop-Prince Hieronymous von Colloredo who also had in his employ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and father Leopold Mozart. Haydn had a third brother, Johann Evangelist Haydn, a tenor singer.


Joseph Haydn was born in 1732 in Rohrau, Austria village near the Hungarian border. His father was Matthias Haydn, a wheelwright who also served as “Marktrichter”, an office akin to village mayor. Haydn’s mother, the former Maria Koller, had previously worked as a cook in the palace of Count Harrach, the presiding aristocrat of Rohrau. Neither parent could read music. However, Matthias was an enthusiastic folk musician, who during the journeyman period of his career had taught himself to play the harp.

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  • Gagoterapia

    The string quartets are awesome.

    12 Jun 11:38am Reply
  • jessyrocker

    Cool Music

    19 Apr 7:46pm Reply
  • jessyrocker

    Love this Music

    14 Apr 7:34am Reply
  • Lorelei_94

    1 Apr 6:38pm Reply
  • micahnewman

    Franz will paaaahmp *clap* you aaaahp!

    18 Feb 4:37am Reply
  • haggard666

    come to brasil

    17 Feb 2:47am Reply
  • OG-Gurda

    Good.

    20 Jan 4:54pm Reply
  • fymek

    "Though his full name was "Franz Joseph Haydn", the name "Franz" was not used in the composer's lifetime, and the use of "Franz" when referencing him is avoided by scholars." (https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe)

    23 Nov 2014 Reply
  • Ohr16

    "Franz" Josef Haydn is just ridiculous. He never called himself like this & from all the many albums I own of him, not on one he is called "Franz" Joseph Haydn. - Just last.fm insists on it!

    19 Nov 2014 Reply
  • KeIemvor

    His string quartets are wonderful, definitely more impressive than the symphonies for me.

    11 Nov 2014 Reply
  • Knully

    Einer der ganz Großen! Schrieb doch Waldstein in Beethovens Stammbuch: ...erhalten Sie: Mozart’s Geist aus Haydens Händen.

    22 Jul 2014 Reply
  • jazzthieve

    @Ohr16. First, a great majority of classical recordings, for their title, only list the composer's last name so it would mostly just be "Haydn". Second, it's "Franz Joseph Haydn" not "Franz Josef Haydn"....not even Last.fm spells it this way. Perhaps you should check your own spelling before criticizing others. Third, I have DG recordings where it is spelled as "Franz Joseph Haydn" while others just say "Joseph Haydn". Which spelling you think is correct is a matter of preference, neither of them is wrong per se. If you don't like it, disable auto correct and scrobble it as "Joseph Haydn".....and please NOT "Jozef Haydn", like you seem to suggest,...that for sure IS wrong.

    14 Jun 2014 Reply
  • OG-Gurda

    he wrote so much music that it is hard to take him all in. [2] the ones who took him all in are the winners.

    18 May 2014 Reply
  • CosmicPi

    Papa Haydn

    18 Apr 2014 Reply
  • HaHaHaYoureDead

    музыкальная архитектура, классицизм at its best

    15 Feb 2014 Reply
  • camune

    Oh wonderful

    31 Jan 2014 Reply
  • ballseven

    Mozart's brother <3 The man who won Paris.

    14 Jan 2014 Reply
  • saltyknuckles

    Featured on SaltyKnuckles ~ Classics №IX - http://classics.saltyknuckles.net/2014-02/

    10 Jan 2014 Reply
  • espoiraout

    the recordings of his music on Harmonia Mundi are absolutely amazing. HM is quickly becoming my favorite label for classical music.

    12 Dec 2013 Reply
  • shangoyal

    He never reminds me of Vivaldi... for me he is closer to Beethoven than to the earlier composers. That might be because his music is firmly Classical, with many new forms and ideas, in a way unrecognisable from the Baroque era music. I think he has an architectural thought in his music which is unprecedented, and it inspired the genius of Beethoven no end.

    25 Nov 2013 Reply
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