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Franz Joseph Haydn

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Rohrau, Austria (1732 – 1809)

Joseph Haydn (31 March or 1 April 1732–31 May 1809) was a leading of the period, called the “Father of the ” and “Father of the ”.

The name “Franz” was not used in the composer’s lifetime; scholars, along with an increasing number of music publishers and recording companies, now use the historically more accurate form of his name, rendered in English as “Joseph Haydn”.

A life-long resident of Austria, Haydn spent most of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Eszterházy family on their remote estate. Being isolated from other composers and trends in music until the later part of his long life, he was, as he put it, “forced to become original”.

Joseph Haydn was the brother of Michael Haydn, himself a highly regarded composer at the court of Archbishop-Prince Hieronymous von Colloredo who also had in his employ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and father Leopold Mozart. Haydn had a third brother, Johann Evangelist Haydn, a tenor singer.


Joseph Haydn was born in 1732 in Rohrau, Austria village near the Hungarian border. His father was Matthias Haydn, a wheelwright who also served as “Marktrichter”, an office akin to village mayor. Haydn’s mother, the former Maria Koller, had previously worked as a cook in the palace of Count Harrach, the presiding aristocrat of Rohrau. Neither parent could read music. However, Matthias was an enthusiastic folk musician, who during the journeyman period of his career had taught himself to play the harp.

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  • CosmicPi

    Papa Haydn

    yesterday evening Reply
  • Widersinnig

    The "Surprise" symphony never gets old, especially the recording by Furtwängler with the Vienna Philharmonic. It is so lively and melodic.

    14 Mar 1:20pm Reply
  • HaHaHaYoureDead

    музыкальная архитектура, классицизм at its best

    15 Feb 4:01pm Reply
  • Ohr16

    "Franz" Josef Haydn is just ridiculous. He never called himself like this & from all the many albums I own of him, not on one he is called "Franz" Josef Haydn. - Just last.fm insists on it!

    5 Feb 8:15pm Reply
  • camune

    Oh wonderful

    31 Jan 7:42pm Reply
  • ballseven

    Mozart's brother <3 The man who won Paris.

    14 Jan 8:00am Reply
  • saltyknuckles

    Featured on SaltyKnuckles ~ Classics №IX - http://classics.saltyknuckles.net/2014-02/

    10 Jan 10:04pm Reply
  • espoiraout

    the recordings of his music on Harmonia Mundi are absolutely amazing. HM is quickly becoming my favorite label for classical music.

    12 Dec 2013 Reply
  • shangoyal

    He never reminds me of Vivaldi... for me he is closer to Beethoven than to the earlier composers. That might be because his music is firmly Classical, with many new forms and ideas, in a way unrecognisable from the Baroque era music. I think he has an architectural thought in his music which is unprecedented, and it inspired the genius of Beethoven no end.

    25 Nov 2013 Reply
  • I0000days

    I think Haydn is undervalued for these reasons: 1) he has an unique sense of humor which is suspect among a lot of very serious classical music listeners 2) he wrote so much music that it is hard to take him all in.

    24 Nov 2013 Reply
  • Vidreven

    Why can't I scrobble him properly? Event though I listed to twelve track last.fm logs only two.

    27 Oct 2013 Reply
  • iik95

    45'th symphony is so awesome!

    5 Aug 2013 Reply
  • KeIemvor

    "I don't know why, but he always reminds me of Vivaldi." Now I know why, according to this site he was influenced by Vivaldi's concertos.

    24 Jul 2013 Reply
  • SoporAeternus-

    Love <3

    20 Jul 2013 Reply
  • Baidelighter

    I would start with the 'Farewell" no.45, the most well known and still my favourite haydn symphony. Any of the 'sturm und drang" symphonies: Symphony No. 49 in F minor La Passione (1768) Symphony No. 44 in E minor Trauer (Mourning) (1772) Symphony No. 45 in F sharp minor Farewell (1772) Symphony No. 26 in D minor Lamentatione And the london symphonies, his last twelve

    15 Jul 2013 Reply
  • headey

    also on this album(copy&paste all) : http://www.last.fm/music/John+Stafford+Smith/2012+New+York+State+School+Music+Association+(NYSSMA):+All-State+Mixed+Chorus+&+All-State+Women%27s+Chorus

    21 Jun 2013 Reply
  • TotenFaschist

    suggest a correction: Joseph Haydn

    20 Jun 2013 Reply
  • BadKidAndrew

    COME TO BRAZIL

    12 Apr 2013 Reply
  • Cranigen

    @the_melvin, go to your Account Settings > Website Tab, under the tab uncheck autocorrect

    15 Feb 2013 Reply
  • aenimauk

    The symphonies are good but a bit overrated, it's all about the Creation and the string quartets for me. The 'Representation of Chaos' in the Creation is fantastic, as are the tone poem portrayals of the creation of eagles, whales, etc.

    8 Feb 2013 Reply
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