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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

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Kamsko-Votkinsk, Russia (1840 – 1893)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильич Чайковский)(7th May 1840-6th November 1893; Old Style 25th April 1840–25th October 1893) was a Russian composer. He wrote some of the world’s most popular concert and theatrical music in the current classical repertoire, including the ballets Swan Lake and The Nutcracker, the 1812 Overture, his First Piano Concerto, several symphonies, and the opera Eugene Onegin. His names are also transliterated Piotr, Petr, or Peter Ilitsch, Ilich, Il’ich or Illyich; and Tschaikowski, Tschaikowsky, Chajkovskij and Chaikovsky (and other versions; Russian transliteration varies between languages).

Tchaikovsky was born in Kamsko-Votkinsk, Russia, to a mining engineer and the second of his three wives, a Russian woman of French ancestry. Musically precocious, he began piano lessons at the age of five. He obtained an excellent general education at the School of Jurisprudence and was a civil servant before entering the St Petersburg Conservatory from 1862 (the year of its foundation) to 1865. In 1866, he was appointed professor of theory and harmony at the Moscow Conservatory, established that year. He held the post until approximately 1878.

From 1878, Tchaikovsky focused primarily on composition. Tchaikovsky toured the United States in 1891 conducting performances of his works. In 1893, Tchaikovsky was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree from Cambridge University.

Tchaikovsky died nine days after the premiere of the Sixth Symphony, the “Pathétique”.

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  • Tarjever

    It's very sad, that his great operas are not represented. :( Tchaikovsky's 'Eugene Onegin', 'Queen Of Spades', 'Iolanta' and others are not less masterpieces than 'Swan Lake' or symphonies!

    26 Feb 9:43am Reply
  • SanctuaryCat

    Symphony no 4 > Everything else.

    13 Feb 10:57am Reply
  • MARIELAPEREZ

    Esto esta mal..... Aparece Beethoven

    12 Feb 4:37am Reply
  • mohamad_reza

    ای وای من

    24 Jan 10:56pm Reply
  • Eloy456

    His 4th and 5th symphonies are just perfect! In 3 weeks I will hear the 5th live in concert, really looking forward to it!

    20 Jan 11:05pm Reply
  • LUCE08

    swan lake and romeo & juliet... classic

    7 Jan 2:33am Reply
  • wayrams

    <3

    7 Jan 1:20am Reply
  • Moonlight_Dawn

    Beautiful! <3

    24 Dec 2014 Reply
  • MrShayton

    Ъ

    19 Dec 2014 Reply
  • Elintasokas

    Everything I've heard by him so far has been absolutely fantastic! One of my favorites definitely.

    13 Dec 2014 Reply
  • Unknowny503

    Meanwhile, want to urge you to have a listen to some lesser known pieces that are: 6 songs, Op. 73, No. 6 - Alone again, as before; 6 Songs Op.6 No.5 "Why?" and 12 Children's Songs Op. 54 X. Lullaby in a Storm. All of them arranged by Stetsuk for cello and perfomed by Kniazev.

    30 Nov 2014 Reply
  • Unknowny503

    OG-Gurda, if you haven't noticed yet I'll help you - you are amongst those folks. Simply do not fuel that kind of discussion. Dot.

    30 Nov 2014 Reply
  • phukerr

    i wish he had the russian name in his page

    24 Nov 2014 Reply
  • micahnewman

    Thanks, Tchaikovsky. Thaikovsky.

    23 Nov 2014 Reply
  • OG-Gurda

    @jazzthieve I agree partly that music should be discussed here, but there is nothing we could do to stop people talking about it anyway. And by the way, i dont see any right wing Russians here...

    8 Nov 2014 Reply
  • coolvart

    v No, all of these should be combined under a single Latin spelling, but until then this one, being the most popular, is sufficient.

    2 Nov 2014 Reply
  • chnyeol

    the right tag should be 'Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский' since he is russian and all

    18 Oct 2014 Reply
  • Flyse

    fascism in Russia. Coming soon.

    20 Sep 2014 Reply
  • jazzthieve

    Great, right wing Russian people fouling up the last.fm shout box of a classical composer how awesome..... The Wagner shout box often has this problem too for a different reason don't tell me this is starting here as well. This is a music website, if you want to discuss politics or ideological views take your business elsewhere damnit.

    24 Aug 2014 Reply
  • Jealousheart

    Ok. Let me explain the situation. Mass media tell you a lie about this law. Gays are NOT persecuted in Russia and their rights are NOT infringed. Officially the law prohibits promoting homosexuality among minors. I have the unpleasant feeling that media intentionally trying to slander my motherland. So please, don't judge if you don't have the correct information about the situation. [3]

    18 Aug 2014 Reply
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