Medúlla, meaning "marrow" in Latin, is an album by Icelandic singer/songwriter/musician Björk, which was released on 30 August 2004 (see 2004 in music).
The album is almost entirely a cappella and constructed with human vocals; only few musical instruments are featured: a bass synthesizer on "Who Is It" and "Mouth's Cradle", piano on "Ancestors" and a gong on "Pleasure Is All Mine". However, the vocals are sometimes processed or sampled: for example, the atmospheric haze that dominates "Desired Constellation" was created from a sample of Björk singing the phrase "I'm not sure what to do with it" from "Hidden Place" on her previous album, Vespertine.
The album features beatboxing, choral arrangements and throat singing, as well as guest appearances by such artists as Mike Patton, Robert Wyatt, Tagaq, Rahzel (formerly of The Roots), Shlomo and Dokaka.
All songs were written by Bjork, except the lyrics for "Sonnets/Unrealities XI" which was based on a poem by E. E. Cummings, and the song "Vökuró", originally by Jórunn Viðar.
Björk received two Grammy Award nominations for Medúlla, including Female Pop Vocal Performance for "Oceania", and Alternative Music Album. This album is also featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die
The album reached a position of number nine on the UK Albums Chart, number 14 on the U.S. Billboard 200 (her highest position until Volta 2007 debut at no.9), and number one in Estonia, France, Iceland and Belgium (Wallonia).
The album was originally released both on CD and on DVD-Audio in 5.1-channel advanced resolution.
The album was re-released in 2006 as a DualDisc including a lower-quality DTS 96/24 version of the original advanced resolution 5.1 mix. The DualDisc also formed part of the ( surrounded): box set.
Medúlla as since sold 235,000 copies in the U.S. and more than a 1 million worldwide.
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