10 Nisan 1942
Tehran, Tehrān, İran İslam Cumhuriyeti
20 Ocak 1990 (aged 47)
Hayedeh (Persian: هایده), born Masoumeh Dadehbala (Persian: معصومه دده بالا), (April 10, 1942 – January 20, 1990) was a legendary Persian Pop and classical diva with a contralto vocal range.
1 Early Life and Career
2 After The Revolution and In Exile
3 Personal Life
6 Partial Discography
8 External links
Early Life and Career
Hayedeh was born in Tehran. She is the older sister of another famous Persian singer, Mahasti.
Hayedeh's professional career began in 1968 at the age of twenty six as a singer on a Persian traditional music Tehran Radio program called "Golhaa-yeh Rangarang" (Colorful Flowers)( گلهای رنگارنگ) directed by Davoud Pirnia. She studied Avaz (Persian vocal music) with the famous Persian violinist and composer Ali Tajvidi. "Azadeh" which was composed by music by Ali Tajvidi, and was written by Rahi Moayeri was Hayedeh's first official hit. It was first performed in 1968 on Radio Tehran with the Gol-ha Orchestra and was later released by Apolon Records.
Hayedeh and Anoushiravan Rohani at the National Iranian Radio and TV, Tehran, 1975 (Photo from Persian Weekly Tamasha)In the 1970s Hayedah added Persian pop music to her classical Persian repertoire. In this period Hayedeh worked with several songwriters, such as Fereydoun Khoshnoud, Jahanbakhsh Pazouki, Anoushiravan Rohani and Mohammad Heydari. "Bezan Tar", "Gol-e Sang", "Nowrouz Aamad", "Eide Tou" and "Soghati" were among her memorable works during this period.
After The Revolution and In Exile
On August 29, 1978 shortly before the Iranian Revolution , Hayedeh emigrated to the United Kingdom. She stayed there for three years and moved to the United States in 1982 to continue her career and live close to her sister Mahasti.
Hayedeh lived in Los Angeles from 1982 until the end of her life. The growth of the Persian community in Southern California due to the increasing number of people leaving Iran after the revolution bolstered Hayedeh's career in the 1980s. Heyedeh released many successful albums during this time and all her songs were bootlegged in Iran. Hayedeh's political and nostalgic songs such as "Rouza-ye Roshan Khodahafez" and "Faryad" became very popular with the Persian (Iranian) exile community. Some of her other hits were "Shabeh Eshgh", "Gol Vajeh", "Ravi", "Bahaneh", "Eshareh", "Ghesseyeh Man", "Zendegi", "Nargeseh Shirazi" and many more. Hayedeh's songwriters and producers in the US were mostly Farid Zoland, Sadegh Nojouki, Mohammad Heydari and Andranik. Lyricists she worked with were Ardalan Sarfaraz, Esmaeel Navabe Safa, Bijan Taraghi and Homa Mir-Afshar. The lyricist that wrote most of Hayedeh's songs and hits was her best friend Leila Kasra (aka Hadieh) she died a few months prior to Hayedeh death, after a long struggle with breast cancer. According to friends of Hayedeh, Hayedeh became very depressed after the death of Kasra.
During the 80's Hayedeh played sold-out venues in the US, Canada, Europe, Israel and other places in the world.
During her exile , Hayedeh regularly appeared on the Los Angeles Persian TV channel Jaam-E-Jam (television). She recorded more than 40 music videos at Jaam-e Jam Studio. Hayedeh criticized Iran's fundamental regime in some of her TV programs.
Hayedeh married three times and had three children named Kamran, Keyvan and Noushin Nouri, all of whom live in the US. Her eldest grandson "Soheil", who is the first born son of Keyvan Nouri, is currently pursuing a career as a freelance composer in Los Angeles.
On January 20, 1990, some hours after a concert at the Casablanca Club in San Francisco, California, Hayedeh died from a heart attack at the age of 47 . Hayedeh had a history of diabetes and hypertension as well as alcohol abuse and smoking which led to a poor health shortly before her death. Her father was also a diabetic who died from a heart attack. Her two older brothers died of heart attacks, as well. Khosrow Motarjemi, a Persian IT expert in California, recorded a video of this three and a half hour concert, which for unknown reasons has never been released. That night Hayedeh told the audience: "Life is like an express train…I am going to the House of God. Who knows what will happen in the future; I may not be alive tomorrow…", then she performed one of her last songs, “Man Mikham Be Khoune ye Khoda Beram” (I want to go to the House of God). The song’s lyricist, Leila Kasra (Hedieh) who was Hayedeh's best friend, died of cancer a few months before Hayedeh.
Hayedeh's death shocked and saddened Persians around the world. Hayedeh is buried at the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Westwood, California. Her funeral was attended by thausands and most of the Persian singers and entertainers in exile.
Hayedeh was recording an album shortly before her death and was due to finish recording it after she returned from her concert in San Fransisco. Hayedeh was last interviewed one week before her death. The magazine which had the interview was released a day after her death, the issue became a bestseller. In the interivew Hayedeh said that she was tired of rumors about her and said that she was going to continue her work and expand it even more.
Hayedeh's gravestone in Westwood Cemetery in Los Angeles (Photo by Arash Behtash; collection of Pejman Akbarzadeh)
Hayedeh's albums are still best sellers and her songs are constantly played on Persian TV and radio channels. Many of her ageless songs are sung by famous Persian pop singers. Houshmand Aghili performed Hayedeh’s “Sarab,” Parviz Rahman Panah remixed her “Saal”, Shahla Sarshar performed a tragic song called “In Memory of Hayedeh,” singer Amir did a cover of Hayedeh's song "Soghati" in 2008 and Mahasti performed three songs in memory of her late sister. She is considered the queen of Persian music by most Iranians. To this day she still is the one and only Persian female vocalist with a contralto voice. According to Prof. Erik Nakhjavani in Encyclopedia Iranica: "Analogues to Delkash, before her, Hayedeh sang with technical authority and passionate energy. Her laryngeal control made it possible for her to produce a series of graceful vibrato and glissando vocalizations required by the Avaz Persian vocal music. She could smoothly pass from the upper reaches of her alto voice to the lower, fuller, and darker range of the contralto. This mixture of strong laryngeal strength and learned vocal technique gave her alto-contralto voice a rare, powerful resonance and texture in the performance of the Avaz. Furthermore an acute sense for musical timing, the rhythmic flow of vocal music, affective musical phrasing, and poetic delivery enabled her to express and interpret effectively any songs she sang."
Pejman Akbarzadeh has made a documentary about Hayedeh which was screened in Amsterdam in January 2009 for the first time.
As of 2007 Hayedeh's albums are sold on Itunes.
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