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  • Anos de atividade

    2002 – até o momento (18 anos)

  • Local de fundação

    High Green, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, Reino Unido

  • Membros

    • Alex Turner
    • Andy Nicholson (2002 – 2006)
    • Jamie 'Cookie' Cook
    • Matt Helders
    • Nick O'Malley (2006 – até o momento)

Arctic Monkeys é uma banda britânica de rock formada em 2002 nos subúrbios da cidade de Sheffield, Inglaterra.
Com sonoridade semelhante às bandas setentistas de rock' n roll somado às referências do post punk oitentista, atingiram o sucesso através de fitas demo e compartilhamento de arquivos. Os Arctic Monkeys alcançaram o sucesso com seu segundo single, "I Bet You Look Good on the Dancefloor", que alcançou o número um no UK Singles Chart. Seu álbum de estréia Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, lançado em janeiro de 2006, tornou-se o álbum de estreia vendido mais rápido na história da música britânica, ultrapassando Definitely Maybe do Oasis e continua a ser o mais rápido vendido álbum de estréia de uma banda no Reino Unido e tendo recebido elogios da crítica, vencendo o Mercury Prize 2006, o Brit Award for Best British Album em 2007 e eleito pela NME o 5º melhor álbum da música britânica. Ele também foi nomeado para o Grammy de Melhor Álbum de Música Alternativa. O segundo álbum da banda, Favourite Worst Nightmare, foi lançado em 23 de abril de 2007, vendeu mais de 225.000 cópias em sua primeira semana, e foi nomeado para o Mercury Prize 2007. O grupo também recebeu o prêmio de Melhor Álbum Britânico e Melhor Grupo Britânico, no Brit Awards 2008. Seu terceiro álbum, Humbug, foi lançado em 24 de agosto de 2009. Suck It and See é o quarto álbum da banda e foi lançado no dia 6 de junho de 2011. Em 24 de junho de 2013, o Arctic Monkeys anunciou o lançamento de seu quinto álbum de estúdio, AM, para 8 de setembro de 2013.

2006: Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not
Main article: Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not

Arctic Monkeys performing in 2006.
The band finished recording their debut album, Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, at Chapel Studios in Lincolnshire in September 2005 with British record producer Jim Abbiss producing. Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not became the fastest selling debut album in UK chart history, selling 363,735 copies in the first week. This smashed the previous record of 306,631 copies held by Popstars by Hear'Say, and sold more copies on its first day alone – 118,501 – than the rest of the Top 20 albums combined. The cover sleeve of Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, showing Chris McClure, a friend of the band smoking a cigarette, was criticised by the head of the NHS in Scotland for "reinforcing the idea that smoking is OK". The image on the CD itself is a shot of an ashtray full of cigarettes. The band's product manager denied the accusation, and suggested the opposite – "You can see from the image smoking is not doing him the world of good."

The record was released a month later in the US on 21 February 2006 and entered at No. 24 on the Billboard album chart after it sold 34,000 units in its first week, making it the second fastest selling for a debut indie rock album in America. However, US sales for the first year did not match those of the first week in the UK for the album. US critics were more reserved about the band than their UK counterparts, and appeared unwilling to be drawn into the possibility of "yet another example of the UK's press over-hyping new bands". However, the band's June 2006 tour of North America received critical acclaim at each stop – the hype surrounding them "proven to exist for good reason". Meanwhile, the UK's NME magazine declared the band's debut album the "5th greatest British album of all time". It also equalled the record of the Strokes and Oasis at the 2006 NME Awards, winning three fan-voted awards for Best British Band, Best New Band and Best Track for "I Bet You Look Good on the Dancefloor".

Arctic Monkeys wasted no time in recording new material, and released Who the Fuck Are Arctic Monkeys?, a five-track EP on 24 April 2006. Due to its length, the EP was ineligible to chart as a UK single or album. Furthermore, the record's graphic language has resulted in significantly less radio airplay than previous records, although this was not a reported concern according to an insider – "since they made their name on the Internet… they don't care if they don't get radio play". The release of the EP Who the Fuck Are Arctic Monkeys? just three months after their record-breaking debut album has been criticised by some, who have seen it as "money-grabbing" and "cashing in on their success". The band countered that it regularly releases new music not to make money, but to avoid the "boredom" of "spending three years touring on one album".

Soon after the release of the EP in the UK, the band announced that Andy Nicholson would not take part in the band's forthcoming North America tour due to fatigue from "an intensive period of touring". On returning to the UK, Nicholson confirmed that he would leave Arctic Monkeys and start his own project. He also said that he couldn't deal with the band's fame and the success over the previous six months. In a statement on their official website, the band said: "We are sad to tell everyone that Andy is no longer with the band", also confirmed that Nick O'Malley – former bassist with the Dodgems who had drafted in as temporary bassist for the tour – would continue as bassist for the rest of their summer tour schedule. Shortly after, Nick O'Malley was confirmed as the formal replacement for Nicholson.

Arctic Monkeys' first release without Nicholson, the single "Leave Before the Lights Come On", came on 14 August 2006. Turner said that the song was one of the last songs he wrote before their rise to fame, and suggested that "it feels very much like it could be on the album". Peaking at No. 4 in the UK, the single became the band's first single not to reach No. 1. The band was re-united at the Leeds Festival when Nicholson met up with his former bandmates and his replacement bassist, O'Malley. Only the original band members, minus Nicholson, were present at the award ceremony when Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not won the 2006 Mercury Prize two weeks later.

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