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Theodoro Valcárcel Caballero (* Puno , October 19th of 1902 - † Lima , March 20 of 1942 ). He is considered among the most prominent composers of musical Peruvians twentieth century.

He was the son of Don Teodoro Valcárcel and Dona Asuncion Caballero. Having completed his primary education at the Colegio Nacional San Carlos in his hometown, he moved to the city of Arequipa, where he began his piano studies with Luis Duncker Lavalle, then proceeded to Lima in 1913 then traveling to study music in Milan, Italy. He also visited Barcelona in 1916 , return to South America was for a short time in La Paz , returned to Puno , visited Cuzco and again Arequipa , before settling in Lima. He won applause with the release of a choreographic composition entitled "Sacsayhuaman" in 1928, the same year succeeded in large scale in the Feast of Amancaes. By the government of Augusto B. Leguía in 1929 , represented Peru in the Latin American Exhibition of Seville and symphonic festivals organized in Barcelona for an international exhibition.

On both occasions was applauded his "Suite Inca" and then criticism would welcome favorably the concerts offered in Paris , London , Berlin and other European cities. He returned to Peru in 1931 and was appointed head of the Fine Arts section belonging to the ministry of public education and then in 1939 the Institute of Peruvian Art created in the National Museum. Its main composition is the ballet "Suray Surita", which appeared in Paris in the same year, a selection of twelve dances inspired by Indian folklore and which achieved a personal elaboration of the theme pentatonic. He left unpublished approximately forty-four works, executed with loud applause by the Orchestra of the National Symphony of Peru.

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