Salomon (also Salomo) Franck, 6 March 1659 – 11 July 1725), was a German lawyer, scientist, and gifted poet.
His name is widely associated with some of Johann Sebastian Bach's best-known cantatas, mainly those composed as of 1714 in Weimar.
Franck was born in Weimar. After studying law and theology at Jena he held government posts at Zwickau, Arnstadt, Jena and Weimar, where he died.
Records show that, as of 1702, Franck was secretary of the high Consistory, managing the numismatic collection and the library records for the court of Duke of Saxe-Weimar, William Ernest.
Franck had already written several secular cantata texts prior to his association with Johann Sebastian Bach, e.g. Himmelsflammende Wunschopfer, which was performed at Weimar castle in 1697.
He wrote the text for Bach's earliest secular cantata (1713), Was mir behagt, ist nur die muntre Jagd (BWV 208) in which, following the custom of the day, he drew upon mythological characters.
The cantata was composed for the 31st birthday celebration of Duke Christian of Sachsen-Weissenfels.
In 1717, he published a collection of sacred texts titled Evangelische Sonn- und Festtages Andachten auf Hochfürstliche Gnädigste Verordnung zur Fürstlich Sächsischen Weimarischen Hof-Capell-Music in Geistlichen Arien erwecket von Salomon Francken, Fürstlich Sächsischen Gesamten Ober-Consistorial-Secretario in Weimar. Weimar und Jena bey Johann Felix Bielcken. 1717.
His earliest church-cantata texts were written in the older form, consisting of verses from the Bible and strophic songs.
In 1711 he used for the first time the new form introduced by Erdmann Neumeister.
Bach, after his appointment as Konzertmeister at Weimar in 1714, often set his sacred texts, including those of the cantatas BWV 31, BWV 70a, BWV 72, BWV 80, BWV 132, BWV 147, BWV 152, BWV 155, BWV 161, BWV 163, BWV 164, BWV 165, BWV 168, BWV 182, BWV 185, and BWV 186.
He also wrote most likely the text for BWV 12, BWV 172 and BWV 21.
Madrigalische Seelen-Lust über das heilige Leiden unsers Erlösers (1697)
Cycle of cantatas for the Liturgical year 1714/1715: Evangelisches Andachts-Opffer
Cycle of cantatas for the Liturgical year 1715/1716: Evangelische Seelen-Lust
Cycle of cantatas for the Liturgical year 1716/1717: Evangelische Sonn- und Fest-Tages-Andachten
Heliconische Ehren-, Liebes- und Trauer-Fackeln, Weimar, Jena (1718)
Texts set to music by Johann Sebastian Bach
probably by Salomon Franck (1714)
Himmelskönig, sei willkommen, BWV 182, 25 March 1714
Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen, BWV 12, 22 April 1714
Erschallet, ihr Lieder, erklinget, ihr Saiten! BWV 172, 20 May 1714
Ich hatte viel Bekümmernis, BWV 21, 17 June 1714
From Evangelisches Andachts-Opffer (1715)
Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn! BWV 132
Tritt auf die Glaubensbahn, BWV 152
Mein Gott, wie lang, ach lange? BWV 155
Alles, was von Gott geboren, BWV 80a
Der Himmel lacht! Die Erde jubilieret, BWV 31
O heilges Geist- und Wasserbad, BWV 165
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe, BWV 185
Komm, du süße Todesstunde, BWV 161
Ach! ich sehe, itzt, da ich zur Hochzeit gehe, BWV 162
Nur jedem das Seine, BWV 163
Tue Rechnung! Donnerwort, BWV 168
Ihr, die ihr euch von Christo nennet, BWV 164
Alles nur nach Gottes Willen, BWV 72
From Evangelische Sonn- und Fest-Tages-Andachten (1717)
Wachet! betet! betet! wachet! BWV 70a
Ärgre dich, o Seele, nicht, BWV 186a
Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147a
Artist descriptions on Last.fm are editable by everyone. Feel free to contribute!
All user-contributed text on this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.