25 January 1939
Wilhelmshaven, Niedersachsen, Germany
21 January 2011 (aged 71)
"For a long time I've been thinking about how to create spaces into which one can retreat, where one can find quiet, where one can see, hear, where one is able to concentrate, where one is isolated from the world around but still is able to participate in it…by means of art or music or both" - Rolf Julius, 1987
Futurism and Dadaism both made use of the synthesis of audio and visual arts to create a singular experience greater than the sum of its parts. This idea was further advanced by the Fluxus and Minimalism movements. Born in 1939 in Wilhelmshaven, Germany, Rolf Julius was profoundly influenced and inspired by these movements while he studied art in Bremen and Berlin.
Years later, after immersing himself in musical works by artists like Morton Feldman, John Cage, and La Monte Young, Julius began to shift his focus from visual art to the synthesis of sound and visual art and nature, exploring the relationships between sounds and objects and environments. Julius soon discovered how sounds can influence vision, creating simple tones to be presented in conjunction with his early photographic work.
Such experiments culminated in the creation of his pioneering work Dike Line (1979), which combined visual images with texture-inducing tones. This piece was presented at the ground breaking exhibition Fϋr Augen und Ohren in 1980. Mythical in scope, this was the first major European exhibition attempted to map international research by artists exploring relations between sound and visual art, bringing together work by John Cage, Luigi Russolo, Nam June Paik, Joe Jones, Bill Fontana, Milan Knizak, Harry Bertoia, David Tudor and Rolf Julius.
Over the next 30 years Julius went on to create some of the most meaningful and moving works in the grey area between music and art, between sound and silence. Alongside Takehisa Kosugi, Terry Fox, and Akio Suzuki, he has emerged as one of the most important and influential sound artists of our time.
Since the early 1980's Julius has referred to his compositions as Small Music, receiving international acclaim from those in the fields of contemporary art and music for calling the origins of sound and vision into question. Small Music not only describes Julius' approach to composition, soft and compelling sounds from simple instruments and nature, but also a way in which to view his works and ultimately the world. Art historian Bernd Schulz once wrote, "if one recalls John Cage's central theme of "silence" then Rolf Julius is the contemporary artist who approaches him most closely." Julius' Small Music has the distinct ability to heighten our perception such that "silence" becomes a positive quality of a place and a situation, and not just an absence of sound. Whether using photographs, ink drawings, audio compositions, or subtle and sometimes almost hidden outdoor installations, Rolf Julius' works serve as catalyst, increasing our awareness of the great beauty of the world that surrounds us.
Rolf Julius passed away on January 21th, 2011.
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