Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg), is a member of the Brythonic branch of Celtic spoken natively in Wales (Cymru).
It competes with Breton (a close relative spoken in France) as the most-spoken Celtic language. 62% of the 611,000 Welsh speakers in Wales claim to use Welsh daily, and 88% of the ones fluent in the language use it daily.
The earliest extant sources of a language identifiable as Welsh go back to about the 6th century, and the language of this period is known as Early Welsh. Very little of this language remains.
The next main period, somewhat better attested, is Old Welsh (Hen Gymraeg, 9th to 11th centuries); poetry from both Wales and Scotland has been preserved in this form of the language. As Germanic and Gaelic colonisation of Great Britain proceeded…