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Biography

Roberto Livi (Ramón Roberto de Ciria, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 17 June 1942 - 25 January 2019 ) was an Argentine Jovem Guarda singer, songwriter and producer.

Jovem Guarda was primarily a Brazilian musical television show first aired by Rede Record in 1965, though the term soon expanded so as to designate the entire movement and style surrounding it. The members of the program were singers who had been influenced by the American rock 'n' roll of the late 1950s and British Invasion bands of the 1960s, though the music often became softer, more naïve versions with light, romantic lyrics aimed at teenagers. They were Roberto Carlos, Erasmo Carlos and Wanderléa, with other bands and musicians appearing on the show as guests.

The style became popularly known as "iê-iê-iê", a term that, like French yé-yé, is most likely based on the freqüent "yeah" cries heard in songs of the period (for instance, the Beatles' "She loves you/Yeah yeah yeah"). Iê-iê-iê was often considered a lesser genre, inferior to the more sophisticated bossa nova and MPB music of the period. Jovem Guarda also became a lucrative business thanks to merchandise that explored its theme and even a couple of themed motion pictures were shot during the period, thus reinforcing the idea of its lack of artistic integrity.

Jorge Ben explored Jovem Guardua-style rock during the 1960s, fusing it with samba and R&B, before his music's development into samba rock.

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