25 September 1718
Napoli, Napoli, Campania, Italy
17 March 1793 (aged 74)
Nicola Coforto (born Naples, 25 Sept. 1718; died Madrid, 16 March 1793).
Italian composer. He studied at the Conservatorio di S. Maria di Loreto in Naples, where his first opera, La finta vedova, was staged at the Teatro dei Fiorentini in 1746. He then worked in various Italian theatres including S. Carlo, where his Antigono, to a libretto by Pietro Metastasio, was given in 1750. Between 1752 and 1754 he wrote two operas and two serenatas, at Farinelli's instigation, for the Spanish court; these were so successful that he moved in 1755 to Madrid as court composer. From the operas he wrote there may be singled out Nitteti (1756) and Adriano in Siria (1757). After the death of Fernando VI in 1759 Conforto's activity as a composer diminished (he wrote only two serenatas and a set of Lamentations) and he devoted himself to teaching. His music displays a happy melodic vein and expressive use of harmony, with the frequent minor inflections typical of the Neapolitan school.
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