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Biography

Manuscript Lat. 1154, now in Paris can be considered a testamentary compilation of the Carolingian culture. It was written around the end of the ninth and the beginning of the tenth century. In this manuscript are preserved, among many others, a series of compositions which report historical facts about this dynasty, represent an important epic and elegiac heritage from before the year one thousand. Some of poems preserved in the manuscript are linked to a musical score (typical Aquitanian neumes). Even if it is only a small one, this collection of cantos represents an important 'repertoire' from that time; it includes moral, epic and convivial writings even by classical authors such as Horace, Virgil and Boethius. It is hardly surprising that the Carolingian dynasty should have furthered the revaluation of the latter philosopher and his work, above all the 'De philosophiae consolatione'.

With regard to the contemporary poets, we come across Gottschalk of Orbais, a theologian and poet born in Saxony. He entered the monastery of Fulda, under abbot Rabanus Maurus, who had been educated at the school of Alcuin. However, disgraced after being accused of heresy, Gottschalk was expelled from the monastery and exiled. In in his song (Ut quid iubes pustole) he clearly expresses his deep distress about the exile, with perhaps a dedication to his friend Walfridus Strabo.
Another writer in this anthology is Angilbert, of Frankish stock, who was educated at Charlemagre's court, where he met Alcuin and Paulinus of Aquileia. He proved to be an excellent diplomat, and was sent by Charlemagne as an emissary to the Pope.

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