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Biography

Lucas Lossius (also: Lucas Lotze , born 18 October 1508 in Vaake , 8 July 1582 in Lüneburg ) was a German Lutheran theologian , educator and hymnologist of the Reformation period.

Lossius studied in Wittenberg from 1530 to 1532, where he met Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon . A letter of recommendation from the two reformers gave him a position as Secretary of Urbanus Rhegius in Lüneburg . A year later, he became a teacher at the Gymnasium of Johanneum , where he worked until his death. He taught ancient languages ​​and was responsible as a cantor for liturgical music in school and church.

His wife Anna, with whom he had been married since 1542, and three sons, survived him: John, the teacher in Hamburg, Hieronymus, later pastor of St. John , and Lucas, who also became a teacher; A daughter died in her childhood, three other daughters, one of whom was married to the rector and later pastor of the Michaeliskirche ( Maeneus ) , had already died before him.

In the memory of his life work, Lucas Lossius was dedicated to Lucas Lossius Street in his birthplace Vaake, a district of the municipality of Reinhardshagen in the Weserbergland. The adjacent streets were appropriately named after his mentors Martin Luther and Melanchthon. In addition, the school of Reinhardshagen bears its name since 1970: Lucas Lossius school.

As a basis for his teaching in the old languages ​​and in the artes liberales , Lossius created a series of schoolbooks, based on the methodology of Philipp Melanchthon , and frequently reprinted. These include his Erotemata ( questions ) in the areas of grammar , dialectics and rhetoric , arithmetic and musica practica . Especially the latter made Lossius widely known as a musical theorist.

For his work as a cantor, he published the Psalmodia , a music collection of church music, which was conceived as a teaching aid for the school and at the same time as a worship book for the Lüneburg churches and was widely distributed throughout the North German region. The choral book is a mixture of graduals and antiphonals containing a large selection of pre-Reformation chants ( antiphonas , responsoria , hymnos , invitatoria , introitus , Halleluia et sequentias ) with only minor changes due to the Reformation theology. Its wide distribution ensured that Lutheran church music adhered to the tradition of Latin singing.

The Evangelical Hymnbook contains:

Glory to you, Christe (75, melody after older originals)
The you are three in unity (470, melody after older templates)
Holy, Holy, Sacred (Northern Regional appendix 672.2, Melody)
In older hymns-books as well as in the worship of God is to be found:

A child born to Bethlehem (GL 146) ( Puer natus in Bethlehem )
His Lunaeburga Saxoniae , a collection of Latin poems on the history and form of the city, was published in Lüneburg, which he published in 1564 to celebrate the peace concluded between Lueneburg and the dukes Heinrich and Wilhelm in the year before. In addition to poems on the history of the city and epitaphs of the distinguished Lüneburgers who had died in his day, the collection contains especially descriptions of everything that seemed to him to be useless in customs and things.

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