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Biography

Johannes Wannenmacher (Vannius) (* ca. 1485 in Neuchâtel / Rhine , ca. 1551 in Interlaken ) was a Swiss composer of the Renaissance . He first worked as a cantor in Berne , later in Freiburg, in the Netherlands . He sympathized with the Reformation (among other things, he was in a letter contact with Ulrich Zwingli in Zurich), which brought his arrest and "embarrassing interrogation" in 1530 with his colleagues there. He was released from custody and expelled from the country by the intercession of the reformed Bern city. The last two decades spent bathing in Interlaken as a landlord. There are 27 compositions known as "motets, psalms, hymns, spiritual and secular songs". The composer probably was associated with the priest Melchior Kaspar Wannenmacher (c. 1490-1517), who worked together with a Hans Hoffmann in Neuchâtel on the Rhine as a "spiritual and secular nurse of the buves our dear frowen münster".

Johannes Wannenmacher was born around 1485 in the Zähringerstadt Neuchâtel on the Rhine. The father was presumably Caspar Wannenmacher, who had been documented in Basel in 1475 and 1480/81. There was also a brother with the same first name - a Melchior Kaspar Wannenmacher from Neuchâtel - by professional priest and conductor for the Neuenburg Münster (c. 1490-1517). This (unlikely, since probably died 1517) or another relative of the composer emerged by the death of Wannenmacher in a succession of the year 1553 against the widow of the composer.

According to Geering Wannenmacher came "like a shipwrecked" in 1510 in Berne. It is unclear where he had previously received his musical education. Perhaps, like his father, he had previously spent his years of teaching and studies in Basel (perhaps similar to Franz Kolb, the well-known Zwinglian reformer from Inzlingen near Lörrach, who was admitted to the University of Basel in 1492). Apparently, he had to be financially supported. On the 13th of February of that year, Wannenmacher in Berne was accepted as a cantor. There, however, there were initially disciplinary measures against him, as he had apparently not properly perceived his chances as a chorister because of his preference for "a good drop". Later, however, his reputation improved because of his great diligence. He earned merit for the expansion of the chorus and he was even relieved.

The cantor's period in Berne ended in 1513. On April 6, 1513, Johannes Wannenmacher would probably visit his brother in Neuchâtel for a fortnight-long holiday, after which he would take the place of the succentor in Berne. Probably on September 17, 1513, Wannenmacher left Berne entirely and moved to the Swiss Friborg, where he was appointed by the council as a cantor to the St. Nikolaikirche. Quasi bribed by the Cardinal Bishop Matthaus Schiner, an undertaker of the winery, a short detour to the episcopal court in Sion, presumably on account of his rather small income as a cantor. The council of the city of Freiburg even had to try to release its cantor at Schiner. Under the tubing ladder prospered in the following years but the local singing school. After all, Wannenmacher became the first penitentiary in the canton and thus stood at the high level of other ecclesiastical dignitaries.

Probably, Wannenmacher spent a very happy period of his life in Freiburg, before his fate later turned to the unfavorable: at that time, Freiburg was entirely influenced by humanism and the Reformation. This was probably the origin of the bilingual state of Freiburg in the Swiss Confederation. In particular the Schultheiss of Freiburg, Peter Falk , helped the city to a cultural flourishing, a. By the choice of tubs and shortly thereafter the famous organist Hans Kotter. Falk and tubs might have been good friends. About Falk, Johannes Wannenmacher probably made the acquaintance of the famous Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli. Falk wanted to get Zwingli to Freiburg, in order to give the city further new impulses in the course of the reformist efforts. With the death of Falk in 1519 fate for the learned circle of the Freiburg Humanists soon took an unfavorable turn. The famous physician, Agrippa, soon left Freiburg, to which he had not been a physician until 1523. Trawler was one of Agrippa's intimate friends, and with the departure of the scholar, the position of the Freiburg Freigeister was again weakened by a completely different city population.

As a result, the city council strengthened its anti-reformist efforts. The friendly bonds of the two great musicians, Wannenmacher and Kotter, also intensified under external pressure.

From this stormy period of the Reformational Revolt, a letter trawler was sent to Zwingli (August 29, 1526):

Gracia et pax domini nostri Iesu Christ sit semper tecum, dilectissime frater. Min hertzallerliepster bruoder! Wissin min bad sense of the grace of God; I have to guess for guot, I did not look at it. I would like ouch of hertzen gladly vil guots of üch hear and complain. For a long time, I have never received any greater joy from any brother, for I had taken the brieff from Ruodolff. I would like to go to the highest level of fraternal writing; I have been able to blame for this , etc. ESS is a priest by us, is called dominus Arnoldus; I mean, ir soltend in wol. The wil and all reform and govern; He is min greener figend of because of dz I guots of those of Zurich and of red; He would have quoted me for my oaths, etc .; He persuaded the frumme brothers all, etc. We would like to know how he had held himself at Zurich, that he was not stupid. He laments vastly, and still laments the man, and practiced it; One would soon feel tired; When the gentlemen of the hand did not like it, etc. Hec aputte maneant propter fratres, quos odit et persequitur, etc. Min, dear master Uolrich, let me know how it stood, whether the wordt gotts by the Tütschen mere or at least. We hope the sooner will be a right euangelist; God, god, gnad, darzuo. If I am domineering with miner clumsy red, or if I do not complain, I rejoice at the man; The wave all zyt with sine grace bywonen. Min bruoder Hanß Kotter, organist, let us salute in the morning. Date Friburgi August 29th. Greetings, to me, and to thee. Ioannes Vannius, cantor, din bruoder.

At the end of the year 1530, however, the procession of the Fascists of the Reformation was carried out by Roman Catholic enthusiasts. Despite their reputation and their merits, Hans Kotter and other friends were captured and tortured ("embarrassing interrogation"). In addition, the potter was accused of not making his own altar and putting others to it. He defended himself, and gave as a reason for his failures sickness. The following remarks are delivered by him from the embarrassing interrogation:

Oh, why does not she wave me? I have, in fact, done Nyemandt's in my own masters instead of Leydt, but I am not a bit mischievous, but that I am still not a dyne, who has understood the dingy ending of the dysentery …

A succession of tramps, Kotter and a dean named Johannes Hollard were forever expelled from the country. After the payment of the previous merit and settling of debts, Wannenmacher, Kotter and a dean named Johannes Hollard were permanently expelled from the country.

The last decades of his life were spent in Interlaken as pioneers. Interlaken belonged to the state of Berne, thus tolerating the Reformation. However, his life in Interlaken was now quite poor, characterized by illness and corresponded to the activity of a landlord (including, for example, putting accounts) - certainly not to the extraordinary musical inclinations and abilities when bookmaker. The Interlakeners tried to keep him and his first wife, Barbara Friess, however, by a small agricultural enterprise and donations of wine at Laune.

In spite of these difficult circumstances, there are also some compositions by Wannenmacher from the difficult Interlaken period, Such as the Bicinien and the song motet "An Wasserflüssen Babylon".

After the death of his first wife in 1546 (died at the plague in the Gasthaus zur Krone in Berne), he married a second wife (Madlen Ybach), who, after his death, left behind a silver cup - the subject of the succession of inheritance with the Neuenburg relatives.

The relationship of married couples in their first marriage must not have been the best, for Barbara Friess testified that the common son of Israel should inherit clothes and jewels for bathers, but in case of death the proceeds would only be given to the poor, while her husband Should go empty! Wannenmacher probably died around the years 1550/51. More accurate data are lacking, as are the accounts of the years 1549/50, for which he would have been the landlord.

27 compositions are known from Wannenmacher's oeuvre, including motets, bicinals and the song motetes mentioned above. As a matter of fact, all secular and spiritual generations are represented in tubs: measuring sets, hymns, psalms, spiritual and secular songs and motets. In 1553 the book printer Matthias Apiarius gave the two-part spiritual and secular songs under the title "Bicinia, sive duo germanica ad aequales" at the instigation of the teacher Johannes Kiener from Wannenmacher's estate. The music was for the city whistle.

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