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Biography

Eustorg de Beaulieu , born about 1495 and died on 8 January 1552, was a French poet, composer and pastor active in Lyon, Lausanne and Basel in the first half of the 16th century.

The life of Eustorg de Beaulieu is not well known, it falls into a deep oblivion for many years. His first important biographer was Guillaume Colletet (1596-1659) 2 before undergoing a revival of interest in the 19th century 3 .

Eustorg de Beaulieu, the seventh and last child of Raymond lord of Beaulieu 4 and Jeanne de Bosredon 5 was born in Beaulieu-sur-Ménoire (now Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne ) in Bas-Limousin, . He was first identified as an organist at the cathedral of Lectoure in 1522 7 and then as music master in Tulle from 1524 , the time when he endorses the priesthood. A lawsuit he pursues on the occasion of a family inheritance in 1529 puts him in contact with Bernard de Lahet, councilor of the king in the parliament of Bordeaux and protector of Clement Janequin .

De Beaulieu moves to Lyon around 1534 at the suggestion of Charles d'Estaing, protonotary of the Holy Apostolic See and canon-count of the Cathedral of Saint John. He joined Pomponne Trivulce , governor of Lyons, met Lieutenant-General Jean Du Peyrat , the Florentine notable Antoine de Gondi , his wife Catherine de Pierrevive and became music master of their daughter Hélène. He enters the literary and musical life of the city, flourishing at that time, and is linked with influential artists of the time, such as the poet Maurice Scève , the painter Jehan Perréal and the composer Francesco di Layolle . He particularly admired Clement Marot , addressed him several times in his works until 1546, and contributed with six coats of arms to the collection of the Anatomical Coats of the Feminine Body, elaborated by Marot and his movement (Paris, 1543) .

It is at the end of this period of Lyons that Eustorg de Beaulieu publishes his Divers report in 1537 9 , which contain several pieces dedicated to the aforementioned notables. His visits also led him to know the evangelical movement, meeting Marguerite de Navarre (1492-1549) and his secretary Antoine Du Moulin . Under the influence of this circle, he eventually converted to Protestantism.

De Beaulieu left Geneva at the end of April 1537 and moved rapidly to Lausanne where he attended a theological course. The Consistory of Berne (who then managed the affairs of Lausanne) sent him on 12 May 1540 to Thierrens and Moudon to exercise the office of pastor. He gets married a few months later with a Genevan orphan, Rolette, but she leaves him soon after on the pretext that he is homosexual 11 . A second marriage with Madeleine Massandt, no more happy, intervenes again, then he abandons his position as pastor. He still moves to Biel for a year, then to Basel , where he enrolls in the university in 1548 12 . There he was protected by the Rector Boniface Amerbach , a great music lover, and became preceptor of his son Basile.

The Divers report of 1537 contain the text of 12 songs that Beaulieu declares to have set to music with three or four voices, but only three have been found: Good day, good year and good estraine , Mondain stay I lost your presence , Voicy The non-time that each one apreste 13 .
Two other texts of the Miscellaneous report ( Awake , and Hoping to Endure ) will be put into music by Jean Caulery and published in two volumes by the printer Pierre Phalèse at Louvain in 1552.
At the end of August 1540 in Thierrens, Eustorg de Beaulieu declared that he had finished writing the psalms he wanted to print in Berne by Mathias Apiarius 15 but these had apparently never been printed.
In the chrestienne resjouyssance of 1546, Beaulieu declares to have composed the music with 3 and 4 voices of the 39 songs that do not bear stamp, and to want to publish it with Latin motets, but this edition did not appear. However, four texts extracted from this collection are put into music by Jean Caulery and published in Antwerp in 1556 by Hubert Waelrant and Jean de Laet

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