21 December 1931
Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana, United States
26 March 2016 (aged 84)
American Jazz composer, multi-instrumentalist, educator, writer, clinician, pedagogue. Originally a talented trombonist, he was forced to abandon that instrument after a jaw injury left him unable to play, Following the injury, he learned to play cello. This shift to cello largely ended his career as a performer and marked a period of increased interest in composition and pedagogy. Among the first and most important people to begin to codify the then largely aural tradition of jazz he wrote several seminal books on jazz, including Jazz Improvisation.
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