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Christian hip hop (originally Gospel rap, also known as holy hip hop or Christ hop) is a form of hip hop music which uses Christian themes to express the songwriter's faith. Only during the 1990s did this term "Christian hip hop" become descriptive of this type of music. While the audience is typically Christian, the music is also used in (Christian) missions work for the purpose of evangelization . Christian rap and hip hop artists are often professed Christians who often use their background to spread the religion's beliefs.
History

Since hip-hop started in the 1970s, various hip-hop artists have expressed their spiritual beliefs, including Christianity in their lyrics. Sometimes faith may be evident in part of a song or other times an entire song or album may focus on Christian beliefs.. Examples include MC Hammer 's #2 single Pray,also Richie Rich and his first single Don't Do It many of Tupac 's lyrics and his first posthumous record, The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory , the image of Tupac nailed to a cross pinned him as a Hip-Hop martyr, and even recent hip hop/rap artists like Jay-Z with Kingdom Come , DMX with Walk With Me Now and You'll Fly With Me Later , and Kanye West with " Jesus Walks ". However, these artists, although they may profess to be Christians, are not generally considered to be part of the Christian hip-hop movement.

The first commercially released and distributed Gospel rap album was Stephen Wiley 's 1985 album Bible Break , distributed by Benson Music Group . Reverend DeWayne GoLightly (aka Rev. Rap' ) was the first Christian hip-hop artist without a commercially released Gospel rap cassette. More commercially successful was the crew known as P.I.D. (short for Preachas In Disguise) who released five popular, funky Gospel rap recordings ("Here We Are", "Back to Back","The Chosen One's", "Born with the Gift" and "Violent Playgrounds" ).

In the late 1980s, other crews emerged, including dc Talk and S.F.C (Soldiers For Christ). S.F.C was led by Californian African-American Chris Cooper who originally rapped as Super C (short for Super Chris / Super Christian) and later became Sup the Chemist and then finally Soup the Chemist. Chris Cooper & S.F.C. were instrumental in bringing up and exposing newer Gospel groups such as T-Bone . . Christian emcee Danny "D-Boy" Rodriguez was another well known early Gospel rap artist but was murdered in 1990 in Texas .

The 1990s saw the continuing trend of funky rap artists blending faith and rap, such as D.O.C. (Disciples of Christ) who emerged out of Oklahoma as well as the Gospel Gangstaz from Compton and South Central Los Angeles, California . Additional artists made a considerable impact on the Christian hip-hop scene. Such artists that contributed were Dynamic Twins , Freedom of Soul, IDOL King, Apocalypse. S.F.C.'s (Sup, QP, DJ Dove) 1992 album Phase III is considered to be a turning point in Christian rap. Phase III was DJed and produced by DJ Dove , whose credits also include the Gang Affiliated, Gospel Gangstas' 1993 debut album.

Around the same time as Phase III, Dynamic Twins (Robbie and Noel) came out with their 1993 album No Room To Breathe. This album had a more hardcore "street" feel to it than other albums at the time. Freedom Of Soul (MC Peace, DJ Cartoon) followed with their second album, The Second Coming, ( Caught in a land of time was their first) also their last album as a group. Freedom of Soul had a jazzier feel; MC Peace (later known as Peace 586) was known for his smooth flow and delivery. P.I.D. around this time re-invented themselves as the group Preachas, although their only album under that name was Violent Playgrounds.

One of the major influences in the genre came with the formation of Gotee Records in 1994, cofounded by dc Talk member Toby McKeehan , making it the first record label marketed explicitly for Christian Hip-hop and R&B that was backed by a major label. The label was among the first to market the Contemporary Christian Music market through distribution at Christian bookstores and playing on Christian radio . This Trend continued with other labels such as Tooth & Nail's Uprok Records and others which gave an outlet to hip-hop artists who identified themselves as Christian and wanted a broader market. However, much of the sales of these Christian record labels was purchased by people brought up in the church and 70-80% of them being white. Recently, a number of artists and labels such as LifeLite Records , Cross Movement Records , Gotee Records , Syntax Records , and Deepspace5 Records , and The New Unstoppable Records have purposely tried to market more to people who did not grow up in church as well as more to urban markets.

In addition, many major Gospel stars were getting in on the hip-hop & rap genre. Kirk Franklin joined with the 1 Nation Crew in the album Kirk Franklin presents 1NC . Gospel legend Pastor Shirley Caesar recorded a stunning duet "I Know The Truth" with Tonex in which she raps.
This year, the All Eyes On Me Achievement Awards’ scope is national. As such, we wanted to lay the foundation and recognize Christian hip hop’s founding fathers that blazed trails before us.

Below is a list we’ve assembled of the genre’s pioneers. Because this movement’s birth was not authoritatively documented, the record below cannot be considered exhaustive. However, we have attempted to research it as thoroughly as possible and consulted with many of the industry’s most knowledgeable experts.

We are attempting to contact and secure the appearance of as many of these names as possible. If you can assist with this effort, please let us know by contacting Sketch the Journalist at sketchwrek@dasouth.

Without any further ado, the 2008 All Eyes On Me Achievement Awards gospel rap pioneer nominees:

Pioneer 1st Rap Tape

* Stephen Wiley – “Bible Break” and/or “Rappin’ For Jesus” (1985)

Pioneer 1st 12”

* MC Sweet - Jesus Christ (1982)

Christian Hip Hop Martyr

* D-Boy Rodriguez (accepted by MC Gegee or someone from family)

Pioneer Female Christian MC

* MC Gegee

Pioneer Group

* SFC (Soldiers for Christ)
* I.D.O.L. King
* P.I.D. (Preachas In Disguise)
* Freedom of Soul
* JC & the Boyz
* Dynamic Twins
* ETW
* Apocalypse – Ed Grice
* D.O.C. (Disciples of Christ)
* DC Talk

Pioneer MC

* Michael Peace
* Stephen Wiley

Pioneer MC on a Major Mainstream Label

* B.B. Jay "Universal Concussion" (Jive Records, 2000)

Pioneer Convention

* CRU-Vention – Christian Rappers United – Jason Goddard

Pioneer Nationwide Event

* RapFest (Bronx, NY) – Brother E & Bert B
* Flavor Fest (Tampa, FL) – Urban D
* Holy Hip Hop Awards & Artist Showcase (Atlanta, GA) – Danny Wilson
* Houston Holy Hip Hop Achievement Awards (Houston, TX) – Tre9

Pioneer HHH websites

* SphereofHipHop.com - Plastic
* Om95.com – slave
* HipHopZone.com
* GodzHouse.com
*

Pioneer Record Label

* Brainstorm

Pioneer Classic Record Label

* Grapetree Records – Knolly Williams
* Syntax Records – Tim Trudeau

Pioneer Graffiti Crew

* Daystar Tribe (DJ Promote , Raimstar, Pyksy)

Pioneer Graphic Designer

* Art Peace - Brad Smith
* Spe©

Pioneer TV Program

* Apocalypse /Ministerz of the Underground

Pioneer Hip Hop R&P

* Bernard Wright
* Out of Eden
* Amani
* Soulfruit

Pioneer 1st Nationwide Magazine

* Heaven’s Hip Hop – Knolly Williams

Pioneer Magazine

* FEED
* Breaks
* ONEMIND Magazine

Pioneer DJ

* DJ Dove
* DJ Skillspinz
* DJ Maj
* DJ Form
* DJ Official

Pioneer Radio DJ

* Special K
* Johnny Jams
* Barry T
* J-Boney
* DJ EST/Ed Grice
* Scott Blackwell

Pioneer Classic Groups

* Gospel Gangstas
* Grits
* Cross Movement
* LA Symphony
* LPG
* Future Shock
* Tunnel Rats
* New Breed
* Brainwash Projects
* Brothers Inc.
* Labklik
* Phat Kats
* Sackcloth Fashions
* Southern Gospeltality Records
* G.O.G.’s
* Unity Clan
* CMC’s
* A1 Swift
* Sound of the Rebirth- Mark J
* Sons of Intellect

Pioneer Classic MC

* E Roc
* T-Bone
* Lil Raskull
* Prime Minister
* Antonious
* L.G. Wise
* MG! the Visionary
* King Shaun & SS MOB
* Dirt (Shadow of the Locust)
* Corey Red & Precise
* Knowdaverbs
* Sev Statik
* Urban D
* Pettidee
* Fros’T
* Mark J
* Todd Bangz (aka Tre-Z)
* Jah Word
* Geno V
* Elle Roc
* KJ-52
* Sup the Chemist

Pioneer Film or Documentary

* PAIN: The Movie - Levi
* The Next Level
* Holy Hip Hop – Danny Wilson

Pioneer Book & Author

* Urban D- Un.Orthodox
* Kymo Dockett- Lost Generation
* Phil Jackson / Efraim Smith- The Hip Hop Church

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