Claudio Monteverdi

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Criado em: 5 Nov 2008
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (May 15, 1567 – November 29, 1643), was an Italian composer, gambist, and singer.

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Monteverdi's work marked the transition from the music of the Renaissance to that of the Baroque. During his long life he produced work that can be classified in both categories, and he was one of the most significant revolutionaries that brought about the change in style. Monteverdi wrote the earliest dramatically viable opera, Orfeo, and was fortunate enough to enjoy fame during his lifetime.
He wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is still regularly performed, and his first music for publication, some motets and sacred madrigals, were written in 1582 and 1583. By 1587, he had produced his first book of secular madrigals. Monteverdi was ordained a Catholic priest in 1632, and during the last years of his life, when he was often ill, he composed his two last masterpieces. Both were operas: Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses, 1641), and the historic opera L'incoronazione di Poppea (The Coronation of Poppea, 1642), based on the life of the Roman emperor Nero. L'incoronazione especially is considered a culminating point of Monteverdi's work; it contains tragic, romantic, and comedic scenes (a new development in opera), as well as a more realistic portrayal of the characters, along with warmer melodies than had previously been heard. It requires a smaller orchestra, and has a less prominent role for the choir. After a long period when Monterverdi's operas were regarded as of merely historical or musicological interest, since the 1960s The Coronation of Poppea has re-entered the repertoire of major opera companies worldwide.

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