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Biography

Temistocle Solera (December 25, 1815 – April 21, 1878) was an Italian opera composer and librettist.

He was born at Ferrara. He received his education at the Imperial College in Vienna and at the University of Pavia.
Throughout his life he actively participated in anti-Austrian resistance. At one point, he was incarcerated for his activities.
He completed several literary works, including the novel Michelino, his style influenced by Alessandro Manzoni.
He then found work as a librettist; his collaboration with the composer Giuseppe Verdi began in 1839 and lasted for a few years.
Solera then found work as the impresario for the Royal Theatre in Madrid. He died in Milan in 1878.

List of major works

Composer
Ildegonda (1840)
Il contadino d'Agleiate (1841; rev. as La fanciulla di Castelguelfo in 1842)
Genio e sventura (1843)
La hermana de Pelayo (1845) (Pelayo is a Spanish national hero, the leader of Christian resistance in the Cantabrian mountains against the Arab invasion in the early eighth century)

Librettist
Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio (Giuseppe Verdi, 1839)
Galeotto Manfredi (Hermann; 1842)
Nabucco (Giuseppe Verdi, 1842)
I Lombardi alla prima crociata (Giuseppe Verdi, 1843)
Giovanna d'Arco (Giuseppe Verdi, 1845)
Attila (Giuseppe Verdi, 1846)
La conquista di Granata (Emilio Arrieta, 1850)
La fanciulla delle Asturie (B. Secchi; 1856)
Sordello (A. Buzzi; 1856)
Pergolese (Stefano Ronchetti-Monteviti, 1857)
Vasconcello (A. Villanis; 1858)
Una notte di festa (A. Villanis; 1859)
L'espiazione (Achille Peri, 1861)
Zilia (Gaspar Villate, 1877)

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