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There are two artists named Rafael Orozco

1. Rafael Orozco Flores (24 January 1946 – 25 April 1996) was a pianist. Orozco is acclaimed as one of the great Spanish concert pianists.

He came from a musical family in Córdoba and studied with José Cubiles and Alexis Weissenberg. His professional career began after he won first prize in the 1966 Leeds International Piano Competition in the UK. His magnificent interpretations were recognized by musical personages such as Herbert von Karajan, Carlo Maria Giulini and Daniel Barenboim.

His large repertoire included works by Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, Manuel de Falla, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Frédéric Chopin,and Isaac Albéniz. He gave recitals on five continents and participated as soloist with the world's great orchestras, including Cleveland, Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, Berlin, Vienna, Paris, and London. Orozco also participated in music festivals at Osaka, Prague, Berlin, Santander, Edinburgh, Spoletto, and Aldeburgh.

Orozco's playing was used in Ken Russell's 1970 film The Music Lovers, based on the life of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

In 1986, Córdoba awarded Orozco the Gold Medal of the city and the title of Hijo Predilecto (Favourite Son).

Orozco died in 1996. The Conservatorio Superior de Música Rafael Orozco in Córdoba is named in his honour.

2. Rafael Orozco Maestre, (March 24, 1954 in Becerril, Cesar – June 11, 1992 in Barranquilla, Atlantico) was a Colombian singer of music. He was one of the major representatives of that Colombian popular folk music and lead singer and owner, along fellow accordionist Israel Romero, of the vallenato group Binomio de Oro de América, very popular in Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela. Maestre was assassinated by gunmen. It is believed they were hired by an angry drug lord whose wife Orozco was having an affair with.

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