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Paul Lincke

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Carl Emil Paul Lincke (7 November 1866 – 3 September 1946) was a German composer and theater conductor. He is considered the “father” of the Berlin opera and holds the same significance for Berlin as does Johann Strauss for Vienna and Jacques Offenbach for Paris.

He was the son of magistrate August Lincke and and wife Emilie. Paul Lincke was born on 7 November 1866 in the Jungfernbrücke district of Berlin. His father played the violin in several small orchestras. When Paul was only five years old his father died. Emilie moved with her three children to Adalbert, and later to Eisenbahnstraße, near Lausitzer Platz.

Paul’s early musical inclinations had a taste for military music. So his mother sent him after the completion of secondary school education to Wittenberg. Here he was trained in the Wittenberg City Band under Rudolf Kleinow as a bassoonist. He also learned to play the tenor horn, the drums, playing the piano and the violin.

Instead of pursuing a career as a military musician he secured employment the Central Theatre in Alten Jakobstraße under Adolf Ernst as a bassoonist. After one year, he joined the orchestra of the Grand Theatre in Großen Frankfurter Straße. He immediately fell in love with the 16-year-old soubrette Anna Mueller, whom he married a year later. His wife later celebrated triumphs with the Berlin audience under the name Anna Müller-Lincke.

In entertainment and dance music Lincke gained valuable experience at the Königsstädtischen Theater, the Belle-Alliance-Theater and the Parodie-Theater in Oranienstraße.

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