Siegmar Fricke started his first musical experiments in 1981 using tape-recorders and shortwave-radio signals to create collages of musique-concrète that has been recorded on various cassettes. After intense activities in the European tape-scene between 1985 and 1993 Siegmar Fricke founded the project Efficient Refineries together with Miguel A.
Markus Dolic a.k.a. Nulleins (born in 1980) discovered his interest in electronic music during the Techno/Rave boom in the early nineties (without ever really being a part of that scene, though). After some rather unsatisfying tracker experiments in 94-96, "Real" gear had to be bought and was used quite frequently.
Oskar Rudzki Oskar was born in Pleß (Oberschlesien/Poland). His first compositions were produced with a chime at the age of six. He emigrated to the country of his grandparents (Germany) at the age of nine. He preferred to spend all his money on tapes at black markets in Poland while searching for a special sound.
Jason Corder is from Lexington, Kentucky. Besides composing under his real name he also composes dense ambient environments under his Off The Sky (on Autoplate.org) and Zen Savauge (on Subsouce.de & Databloem.nl) alter-egos.
1. Alexandre Navarro is a guitarist, composer and producer. He now records under his full name, the artist profile for which can be found here: Alexandre Navarro.
2. Navarro is a rock band from Zagreb, Croatia.