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Ludwig van Beethoven (* 16th December 1770 in Bonn; † 26th March 1827 in Vienna) was a German composer of classical music, who lived predominantly in Vienna, Austria. Beethoven is widely regarded as one of history's supreme composers, and he produced notable works even after losing his hearing. He was one of the greatest figures in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in music. His reputation has inspired — and in many cases intimidated — composers, musicians, and audiences who were to come after him.
Among his most widely-recognized works are his Fifth, Sixth and Ninth symphonies (the last containing the "Ode to Joy"); Piano Concerto No. 5 ("Emperor"); a Violin Concerto; the Pathétique, Moonlight, Appassionata, Hammerklavier sonatas, his string quartets and the bagatelle Für Elise.
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