Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English musician and songwriter, and a founding member of The Rolling Stones. Rolling Stone magazine said Richards has created "rock's greatest single body of riffs," and has named him the 4th greatest guitarist of all time. Fourteen songs written by Richards and songwriting partner Mick Jagger, The Rolling Stones' lead vocalist, are listed among Rolling Stone magazine's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time."
Richards has released few solo recordings. His first solo single released in 1978 was versions of Chuck Berry's "Run Rudolph Run" and Jimmy Cliff's "The Harder They Come." In 1987, after Mick Jagger pursued a solo recording and touring career, Richards formed the X-pensive Winos with co-songwriter, and co-producer Steve Jordan whom Richards assembled for his Chuck Berry documentary, Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll. Additional members of the X-pensive Winos included guitarist Waddy Wachtel, saxist Bobby Keys, keyboardist Ivan Neville and Charley Drayton on bass.
The first Winos' record,Talk Is Cheap also featured Bernie Worrell, Bootsy Collins and Maceo Parker. Since its release in 1988, Talk Is Cheap has gone gold and has sold consistently. Its release was followed by the first of the two U.S. tours Richards has done as a solo artist. Live at the Hollywood Palladium, 15 December 1988 (released 10 December 1991 on Virgin) documents the first of these tours. On 19 October 1992, the Winos' second studio record Main Offender was released, again on the Virgin label, and was also followed by a tour. The last of the Winos' record, Vintage Winos, is a compilation album released on 2 November 2010 on Mindless Records.
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