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Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

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Jesi, Italy (1710 – 1736)

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (January 4, 1710 – March 16, 1736) was an Italian composer, violinist and organist.

Pergolesi was born in Jesi, Italy, where he studied music under Francesco Santini there before going to Naples in 1725 where he studied under Gaetano Greco among others. He spent most of his life working in Neapolitan courts.

Pergolesi was one of the most important early composers of opera buffa (comic opera). His opera seria Il prigioner superbo contained the two act buffa intermezzo, La Serva Padrona (The Landlady Servant, 1733), which became a very popular work in its own right. When it was given in Paris in 1752, it prompted the so-called querelle des bouffons (quarrel of the comedians) between supporters of serious French opera by the likes of Jean-Baptiste Lully and Jean-Philippe Rameau and supporters of new Italian comic opera. Pergolesi was held up as a model of the Italian style during this quarrel, which divided Paris’s musical community for two years.

Among Pergolesi’s other operatic works are his first opera La conversione e morte di San Guglielmo (1731), Lo frate ‘nnammorato (The friar in love, 1732), L’Olimpiade (1735) and Il Flaminio (1735). All his operas were premiered in Naples apart from L’Olimpiade which was first given in Rome.

Pergolesi also wrote sacred music, including a Mass in F. It is his Stabat Mater (1736), however, for male soprano, male alto and orchestra, which is his best known sacred work. It was commissioned as a replacement for the one by Alessandro Scarlatti which had been performed each Good Friday in Naples.

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  • HaHaHaYoureDead

    гениален, и ведь это духовная музыка в сочетании с чисто народным элементом, не зря его так стравинский котировал.

    14 May 2:40pm Reply
  • bulletaurbulle

    come to brazil!

    28 Nov 2013 Reply
  • activewaste

    A great man and a genius!

    3 Nov 2013 Reply
  • OmmKalthoumFan

    Stabat Mater.. Magnificient! <3

    16 Jan 2013 Reply
  • skrutinizert

    Beautifull music. If you love Mozart then listen to Pergolesi. Mozart was clearly under the influence of his music.

    24 Aug 2012 Reply
  • heliocadeth

    Stabat Mater and Salve Regina are wonderful compositions. Love too much!

    1 Apr 2012 Reply
  • Liliputter

    His hair is a wig??? [2]

    25 Mar 2012 Reply
  • Elodita

    His music is Great!!!

    6 Mar 2012 Reply
  • SaLLyDa

    salve regina is perfect

    2 Mar 2012 Reply
  • Zimmerman333

    Bravo, que grato.

    22 Jun 2011 Reply
  • timish

    Inflammatus et Accensus is absolutely gorgeous! Well, the whole Stabat Mater is.

    14 Jun 2011 Reply
  • adelinadarkstar

    Well yes the wig discussion is irrevalant but I say that it is possibly his hair and I think it is. @Epicat people of all ages wore wigs young or old so it didn't matter your age. It was a fashion statement. Also yes aside from all this his music is gorgeous.

    29 Mar 2011 Reply
  • xgeorgx

    Btw: The wig was a fashion accessoire in times of baroque! But, nevertheless it's a totally unnecessary discussion. Shut your eyes and open your ears ;)

    15 Mar 2011 Reply
  • xgeorgx

    <3 salve regina!

    15 Mar 2011 Reply
  • R-Chizzle14

    Stabat Mater Dolorosa just is too good.

    6 Jan 2011 Reply
  • Bogomole

    да как же невероятно хорош-то!

    5 Dec 2010 Reply
  • Epicat

    Why would he be wearing a wig at ~25? His Italian curls look real to me. Even for someone with tubercolosis..

    1 Nov 2010 Reply
  • barryvs

    Stabat Mater Dolorosa, the particular version I'm listening too, is just too fucking good.

    25 Oct 2010 Reply
  • adelinadarkstar

    Wow! I was under the impression it was real.

    11 Aug 2010 Reply
  • Satnos

    It is possibly a wig!

    7 Aug 2010 Reply
  • All 52 shouts

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