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Emīls Dārziņš


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Emīls Dārziņš (November 3, 1875 - August 31, 1910) was a Latvian composer, conductor and music critic. Dārziņš’ work bears a distinct romantic character, with a strong trend towards national themes. His main musical authorities and influences were Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Jean Sibelius. Dārziņš musical contribution is mainly to vocal music (choral and art songs), but he also composed orchestral music, though only one piece, “Melanholiskais valsis” (Melancholic waltz) has survived. His only opera, “Rožainās dienas” (Rose days) remained unfinished after his early death at the age of 34.


Dārziņš was born on November 3, 1875, in a rural teacher’s family. Both his parents were very musical and facilitated Emīls’s first musical education. His father, being an amateur musician and conductor of a local choir, taught his son to play the piano. Dārziņš’s attachment to music became stronger after he almost lost his eyesight at the age of 3, as a result of overstraining it while reading. He was also diagnosed allergic to sunlight, so for 5 years he was living in a comepletely dark room. He could go back to normal life when he was eight. Since then he also was going to school.

Dārziņš spent his childhood in the country and attended various local schools. During those years he became familiar with the music of Beethoven and Mozart. At the age of 16 Dārziņš moved to Riga, where he continued his studies in music and composed his first choral piece “Jūs, kalni, jūs, lejas” (You, mountains, you, lowlands). This song received favourable mention from the well-known Latvian composer, Jāzeps Vītols, who had been a pupil of Rimsky Korsakov.

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  • vobbs

    even as a simple composer he's amazing, let alone his choral work

    9 Jun 2010 Reply
  • ernt

    Amazing similar artists :)

    19 Aug 2008 Reply