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Dumitru Zamfira

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Dumitru Zamfira

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An important development in Roumanian popular music happened with the arrival of the communist regime, that took an interest in the popular music (for its tie with the masses) and imposed its own aesthetics. The music become standardized with short and simple structures as opposed to the longer and more irregular song structures that frequently occur in the traditional music. Improvisation, that plays an important part in both the peasant and the lăutărească music, was completely left out. The performers were required to have formal musical studies and were required to sing and play in a “nice and easy” manner in contrast to the coarser styles found in traditional musics. The regime promoted its own palette of “popular stars”, while genuine performers of traditional musics were totally ignored (except a very few that were able to adapt to the new requirements).

One of the most important changes done by the communist regime was the creation of large popular ensembles. This current started in the Soviet Union and spread in all the countries of the communist block, as it was seen as a “superior way of rendering the folklore”.

Some of the most important artists of this era are Ion Dolănescu, Maria Ciobanu, Irina Loghin, Sofia Vicoveanca, Nicolae Furdui Iancu and instrumentalists like Gheorghe Zamfir, Dumitru Fărcaş and Dumitru Zamfira.

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