Roberto Gerhard (1896-1970) was a Catalan-born composer, musical scholar, and writer. Gerhard (who only consistently adopted the form ‘Roberto’ after he was exiled from Spain) was the son of a German-Swiss father and an Alsatian mother.
Kalevi Aho (born 9 March 1949 in Forssa, Finland) is a Finnish composer.
He studied composition at the Sibelius Academy under Einojuhani Rautavaara, receiving a diploma in 1971. He continued his studies for a year in Berlin with Boris Blacher.
Sir Malcolm Arnold (1921-2006) was an English composer. Arnold was born in Northampton, and studied at the Royal College of Music. He became principal trumpet with The London Philharmonic Orchestra, but went on to concentrate solely on composition. He is known as a composer of conservative tonal works, acknowledging Hector Berlioz as an influence and being compared to Jean Sibelius.
Born in Prague of Jewish-German origin, Schulhoff was one of the brightest figures in a generation of European musicians whose successful careers were prematurely terminated by the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany.
Beat Furrer (b. 6 December 1954) is an Austrian composer and conductor of Swiss birth. Born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland, Furrer relocated to Vienna in 1975 to pursue studies with Roman Haubenstock-Ramati (composition) and Otmar Suitner (conducting).
Isang Yun (윤이상, born September 17, 1917 in Chungmu South Korea; died November 3, 1995 in Berlin) was a Korean-German composer. Yun's primary musical concern was the development of Korean music through Western musical means. After experimenting with 12-tone techniques during his studies at Darmstadt, Yun developed his own musical personality in his works of the early 1960s.
Walter Hamor Piston Jr. (January 20, 1894 – November 12, 1976) was an American composer. He was born in Rockland, Maine. His father's father, the sailor Antonio Pistone changed his name to Anthony Piston when he came to America from Genoa, Italy. In 1905, Walter Piston Sr.
Goffredo Petrassi (July 16, 1904 – March 3, 2003) was a leading Italian member of the second generation of modernists. In the English-speaking world, his contemporary Luigi Dallapiccola has been better known.