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Achille-Claude Debussy (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918) was a French composer. He was one of the most important figures in music at the turn of the last century; his music represents the transition from music to 20th century music.

Debussy's music was completely unorthodox for its time. His pieces are often characterized by time signatures and rhythmic passages that lent themselves more to flow than a rigid sense of time. His most dramatic contribution was his disregard for traditional ideas of chord structure and tonality. Elements of the Medieval modes is evident in his music, as well as frequent use of the whole tone scale to create a "dream-like" sense of flow to his melodies. Some have also speculated that some of his more avant garde uses of harmony and rhythm stem from his interest in ethnic music, such as the music of Java, which he encountered as a young composer.

Debussy's impact was far reaching. His free use of harmony that often disregarded altogether the major/minor chord system based on thirds has been cited as an influence on the rise of Jazz music later in the 20th century.

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