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Arnold Schönberg

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Arnold Schönberg (13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian composer and painter, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. After his move to the United States in 1934, he altered the spelling of his surname from Schönberg to Schoenberg.

Schönberg’s approach, both in terms of harmony and development, has been one of the most influential of 20th-century musical thought. Many European and American composers from at least three generations have consciously extended his thinking, whereas others have passionately reacted against it. During the rise of the Nazi Party in Austria, Schönberg’s works were labelled as degenerate music.

Schönberg was known early in his career for simultaneously extending the traditionally opposed German Romantic styles of Brahms and Wagner. Later, his name would come to personify innovations in atonality (although Schönberg himself detested that term) that would become the most polemical feature of 20th-century art music. In the 1920s, Schönberg developed the twelve-tone technique, an influential compositional method of manipulating an ordered series of all twelve notes in the chromatic scale. He also coined the term developing variation, and was the first modern composer to embrace ways of developing motifs without resorting to the dominance of a centralized melodic idea.

Schönberg was also a painter, an important music theorist, and an influential teacher of composition; his students included Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Hanns Eisler, Egon Wellesz, and later John Cage, Lou Harrison, Earl Kim, Leon Kirchner, and other prominent musicians.

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  • Nakkinak

    my favorite composer

    2 Nov 1:12pm Reply
  • PetitSagittaire

    Nö. [2]

    20 Sep 11:04pm Reply
  • iamholgerczukay

    Nö.

    29 Aug 8:30pm Reply
  • CrippleHorse

    Schoenberg himself chose to spell his name "Schoenberg" at some point of his life, quit your obnoxious "corrections"

    28 Aug 2:23am Reply
  • iamholgerczukay

    Contemporary classical music can be understood as belonging to the period that started in the mid-1970s to early 1990s with the retreat of modernism.[1] However, the term may also be employed in a broader sense to refer to all post-1945 modern musical forms.[2] Now that's from Wikipedia, not the most reliable source, but I'm pretty sure that's the accepted definition/period. Also, if you look deeper into that, the genre that "Contemporary Classical" replaced was "Modern Classical." So essentially, genres were stupid LONG before rock and roll came along.

    22 Aug 3:54pm Reply
  • Selenaru_Negrea

    "contemporary classical" tag is such a joke, 1951 is more than 60 years ago

    1 Aug 4:26pm Reply
  • Xhi

    v wahre worte. "verklärte nacht" macht seinem titel alle ehre - verflucht ekstatische melodieführung.

    31 Jul 8:11pm Reply
  • OG-Gurda

    V I completely agree.

    2 Jul 2:57pm Reply
  • KeIemvor

    English speaking people can be so ignorant of other countries/cultures, they think the whole world spins around them and everyone has to conform to their standards and values. Just because English is considered the global language, doesn't make other languages in any way "archaic" at all nor does it make English "modern" and it's an insult to other cultures to even think so.

    28 Jun 9:19pm Reply
  • OG-Gurda

    Philosopher.

    14 May 1:04pm Reply
  • innercities

    schönberg und die schrammelbrüder

    15 Apr 1:59am Reply
  • CosmicPi

    Mastermind

    9 Apr 9:06pm Reply
  • Wandadocet

    Wow! http://www.lastfm.it/music/Davide+Franceschetti/2005+Van+Cliburn+International+Piano+Competition+Preliminary+Round/Schoenberg++Six+Little+Piano+Pieces,+Op.+19

    24 Mar 7:53pm Reply
  • colinrice

    mein Liebslingkomponist. andere als wagner und mahler.

    1 Mar 3:35am Reply
  • HaHaHaYoureDead

    Шенберг - это прежде всего философ (как и любой большой композитор), именно в этом ключе и следует его работы понимать

    15 Feb 4:03pm Reply
  • npcza

    yuro? oh boy! german still uses the umlaut to this day. however, schoenberg himself anglicised his name

    12 Feb 8:25pm Reply
  • TotenFaschist

    by modern i just meant that yuro/continental letters are archaic to me (because i don't want to learn them) :)

    9 Nov 2013 Reply
  • bulletaurbulle

    did lou reed liked arnold schonberg? if so what are some good atonal artists?

    30 Oct 2013 Reply
  • shangoyal

    Verklarte Nacht is a masterpiece.

    25 Oct 2013 Reply
  • Grosseteste

    It's nothing to do with modernity; Schoenberg chose that spelling.

    7 Aug 2013 Reply
  • All 358 shouts

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