Anner Bylsma (born Anner Bijlsma February 17, 1934, The Hague) is a Dutch cellist who plays on both modern and authentic baroque style instruments. He took an interest in music from an early age. He studied with Carel van Boomkamp at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague, and won the Prix d'excellence in 1957.
In 1959, he won first prize in the Pablo Casals Competition in Mexico. Later he was the principal cellist for six years in the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra from 1962 to 1968. He became the Erasmus Scholar at Harvard University in 1982. He is the author of the book Bach, the Fencing Master, a stylistic and aesthetic analysis of Bach's Cello Suites. Bylsma continues to be a towering figure in the baroque cello movement.
In 1979 Bijlsma recorded the first ever recording of the six Suites for unaccompanied cello (BWV 1007-1012) by J. S. Bach on a period instrument. He also made a second recording of the same music in 1992 on the large "Gervais" Stradivarius and on a five string violoncello piccolo
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