Philadelphia International

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Philadelphia International was started by producers Kenny Gamble & Leon Huff in 1971 and was distributed via CBS until 1984.

The label was almost instantly succesful with Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes’ scoring two top hits with “I Miss You” and “If You Don’t Know Me By Now”, both tracks featuring singer Teddy Pendergrass in 1972. Also in 1972, Billy Paul who’d previously recorded for Kenny Gamble’s indie “Gamble” imprint had a smash hit with “Me And Mrs. Jones”. The O’Jays released their breakthrough Backstabbers LP in 1972 as well featuring the hits Backstabbers and Love Train written by in house songwriter Bunny Sigler.

Much of the music released by the label was recorded and produced at Sigma Sound Studios in Philadelphia. More than thirty resident studio musicians, known together as MFSB aka “Mother Father Sister Brother”, were based at this studio and backed up many of these recordings.

Amongst the other important chart acts for this classic slick 70’s R&B soul label included The Three Degrees, Lou Rawls, Intruders, and The Jacksons.

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