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Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based in Detroit, Michigan. Motown was the first record label owned by an African American that primarily featured African American artists.

Incorporated on January 12, 1959 by Berry Gordy, Jr. as Tamla Records, Motown Records is today a subsidiary of The Universal Motown/Universal Republic Group, itself a subsidiary of Universal Music Group.

In the 1960s, Motown and its soul-based subsidiaries were the most successful proponents of what came to be known as The Motown Sound, a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics, including the use of tambourine along with drums, a prominent and often melodic bass line played by the electric bass guitar, a distinctive melodic and chord structure, and a call and response singing style originating in gospel music.

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