• Explosm said...
    • User
    • 1 Jan 2007, 03:21

    Ideologies

    Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization, based upon common ownership of the means of production. It can be classified as a branch of the broader socialist movement. Early forms of human social organization have been described as 'primitive communism' by Marxists. However, communism as a political goal is generally a conjectured form of future social organization. There is a considerable variety of views among self-identified communists, including Maoism, Trotskyism, council communism, Luxemburgism, anarchist communism, Christian communism, and various currents of left communism, which are generally the more widespread varieties. However, various offshoots of the Soviet (what critics call the 'Stalinist') and Maoist interpretations of Marxism-Leninism comprise a particular branch of communism that has the distinction of having been the primary driving force for communism in world politics during most of the 20th century. The competing branch of Trotskyism has not had such a distinction.

    Karl Marx held that society could not be transformed from the capitalist mode of production to the advanced communist mode of production all at once, but required a transitional period which Marx described as the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat, the first stage of communism. The communist society Marx envisioned emerging from capitalism has never been implemented, and it remains theoretical; Marx, in fact, commented very little on what communist society would actually look like. However, the term 'Communism', especially when it is capitalized, is often used to refer to the political and economic regimes under communist parties that claimed to embody the dictatorship of the proletariat.

    In the late 19th century, Marxist theories motivated socialist parties across Europe, although their policies later developed along the lines of "reforming" capitalism, rather than overthrowing it. The exception was the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. One branch of this party, commonly known as the Bolsheviks and headed by Vladimir Lenin, succeeded in taking control of the country after the toppling of the Provisional Government in the Russian Revolution of 1917. In 1918, this party changed its name to the Communist Party, thus establishing the contemporary distinction between communism and other trends of socialism.

    After the success of the October Revolution in Russia, many socialist parties in other countries became communist parties, signaling varying degrees of allegiance to the new Communist Party of the Soviet Union. After World War II, Communists consolidated power in Eastern Europe, and in 1949, the Communist Party of China (CPC) led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China, which would later follow its own unique ideological path of communist development. Among the other countries in the Third World that adopted a pro-communist government at some point were Cuba, North Korea, North Vietnam, Laos, Angola, and Mozambique. By the early 1980s almost one-third of the world's population lived in Communist states.

    Since the early 1970s, the term "Eurocommunism" was used to refer to the policies of communist parties in western Europe, which sought to break with the tradition of uncritical and unconditional support of the Soviet Union. Such parties were politically active and electorally significant in France and Italy.

    There is a history of anti-communism in the United States, which manifested itself in the Sedition Act of 1918 and in the subsequent Palmer Raids, for example, as well as in the later period of McCarthyism. However, many regions of Latin America continue to have strong communist movements of various types.

    With the decline of the Communist governments in Eastern Europe from the late 1980s and the breakup of the Soviet Union on December 8, 1991, communism's influence has decreased dramatically in Europe. However, around a quarter of the world's population still lives in Communist states, mostly in the People's Republic of China.

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    • Explosm said...
    • User
    • 1 Jan 2007, 03:23
    Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control.[1] This control may be either direct—exercised through popular collectives such as workers' councils—or it may be indirect—exercised on behalf of the people by the state. As an economic system, socialism is often associated with state, community or worker ownership of the means of production.

    The modern socialist movement had its origin largely in the working class movement of the late-19th century. In this period, the term "socialism" was first used in connection with European social critics who condemned capitalism and private property. For Karl Marx, who helped establish and define the modern socialist movement, socialism implied the abolition of money, markets, capital, and labor as a commodity.

    It is difficult to make generalizations about the diverse array of doctrines and movements that have been referred to as "socialist," for the various adherents of contemporary socialist movements do not agree on a common doctrine or program. As a result, the movement has split into different and sometimes opposing branches, particularly between moderate socialists and communists. Since the 19th century, socialists have differed in their vision of socialism as a system of economic organization. Some socialists have championed the complete nationalization of the means of production, while some anarchist socialists favor decentralized collective ownership in the form of cooperatives or workers' councils. Social democrats have proposed selective nationalization of key industries within the framework of mixed economies. Stalinists insisted on the creation of Soviet-style command economies under strong central state direction. Others advocate "market socialism," in which social control over the distribution of wealth and the means of production exists within the framework of market economics and limited private property.

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    • Explosm said...
    • User
    • 1 Jan 2007, 03:24
    Democracy (literally "rule by the people", from the Greek δημοκρατία-demokratia demos, "people," and kratos, "rule") is a form of government by the will of the people.

    Today, the term democracy is often used to refer to liberal democracy,[1] but there are many other varieties and the methods used to govern differ. While the term democracy is typically used in the context of a political state, the principles are also applicable to other bodies, such as universities, labor unions, public companies, or civic organizations.

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    • Explosm said...
    • User
    • 1 Jan 2007, 03:25
    Anarchists are those who believe that all people are imbued with a sort of commonality, common sense, that would allow for people to, in the absence of the government, come together in agreement to form a functional existence. Morality falls in line with functionality, and its forms differ. Anarchy does not reject ethics, or principles, but rather imposed morality.


    The Circle-A is a well known symbol of modern Anarchy.The rise of anarchism as a philosophical movement occurred in the mid 18th century, with its notion of freedom as being based upon political and economic self-rule. It was a reaction to the rise of the nation-state and large-scale industrial capitalism, and the corruption that came with their successes.

    Although anarchists are unified in the rejection of the state, they differ about economic arrangements and possible rules that would prevail in a stateless society, ranging from complete common ownership and distribution according to need, to supporters of private property and free market competition. For example, most forms of anarchism, such as that of anarcho-communism, anarcho-syndicalism, or anarcho-primitivism not only seek rejection of the state, but also other systems which they perceive as authoritarian, which includes capitalism, wage labor, and private property. In opposition, another form known as anarcho-capitalism argues that a society without a state is a free market system that is both voluntarist and equitable.

    When used by non-anarchists, the word "anarchy" is often used as a pejorative; intended to connote a lack of control and a negatively chaotic environment. The association is so strong in mainstream society that some anarchists prefer the term, "anarchism." The question of forgoing the use of either term in favor of "libertarian socialist" (primarily during the late 19th century,) or the more modern, "anti-authoritarian," remains a topic of debate. The word "anarchy", as most anarchists use it, does not imply nihilism, anomie, or the total absence of rules, but rather an anti-authoritarian society that is based on voluntary association of free individuals in autonomous communities, operating on principles of mutual aid, voluntary association, and direct action.

    Anarchists are not against all authority though, the type of authority that Anarchists are against is called Hierarchy. Hierarchy is a form of authority that is bestowed upon a person or organisation either by themselves or by fear of that person or organisation, essentially meaning that person or organisation does not really have any authority, rather than the illusion of having authority.

    Anarchists also adopt leaders to act as guides. The leader is the one who makes sure that his anarchist followers sustain balance as a society and the one who must be sought after for approval for any changes or punishments to be carried out.

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    • Explosm said...
    • User
    • 1 Jan 2007, 03:27
    These are the most common ideologies music refers to. There are some fascist musicians, which as far as I'm concerned, can burn in hell.
    With which ideology u agree the most? Why?

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  • I mostly agree with anarchist communism. Why?
    Because I had some experiences with that kind of ideology.
    It all started at my school where I arranged a group called AKP
    Anarchist Communist Party (the K stands for the german word for Kommunistische)
    we try to follow the ideas of the anarchy and communism.

    He's the kind of guy that you just gotta see if you can,
    Vegetable man...
  • I like Democracy the best in theory. But unfortunately mankind is too corrupt and greedy to follow it's principles properly. If we could get rid of lobbyists our whole government system would be waaay more ethical. Next on the chopping block lawyers.

    28 Days - 6 Hours - 42 Minutes - 12 Seconds
  • I'm an anarchist.


    I believe that people are happier and more productive in situations where things happen through voluntary cooperation rather than authoritarian control.

    I believe that no one should accept external control; no one is better qualified to make your decisions than you yourself.

    Society is a collective project; it should be treated as such, not as a financial or power machine in the hands of a few.

    There is no justification for a ruling class, whether it calls itself capitalist or communist.

    I believe that hierarchy, the inequality of power, whether economic or political, is at the root of the majority of the evils of this world; racism, fascism, genocide, poverty, environmental destruction for the sake of profit, war.

    I wish to create a world where the means to survive, create, produce, and learn are in the hands of everyone; a world where human beings live for themselves and for each other, as human beings, not cogs in social machinery.

    I will spend a great deal of my life fighting for this dream, whether or not I stand any chance of success.

  • I've had anarchist ideals similar to those expressed above by not24601 for about 30 years now.

    I do not necessarily see these ideals as having any immediate or absolute practical application but I believe that ideas like this are a key factor in any hope there might be for us to evolve towards better human lives overall.

    Humanity is in a dark age, it seems pretty clear. And it seems that many of us have given up even hoping for anything any better. It's no wonder - most of us have been very effectively turned, mind and body, into cattle for corporations. The additional muscle of governments, law, education and most of the media back this up every day. No wonder it's hard for many of us to think, feel or imagine anything different at this moment in human history!

    Staying in touch with our own true minds and hearts is crucial, even in the face of massive opposition and general cynicism. Even if we can only dream our hopes, there is a contribution to the evolution of humanity. This is because our collective values have an impact on what happens in the world. Ideas are real and our natural longings and idealism for a better world than the one we currently inhabit may be our best hope for the future.

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