Articles

  • A Hard Days Night - the opening chord is.........

    18 May 2010, 23:46 by FoxyFreedom

    We just read in someone's journal entry on this site lastfm that people still haven't worked out the opening chord to The Beatles A Hard Day's Night.

    Here is a clue for you: it is not one chord but TWO CHORDS played together on different instruments. Try it at home.It's not that difficult.

    If you are really desperate to know how it was done, send a message to our inbox on this site and we might tell you....but only if you can keep a secret
  • Pete Townshend can you hear me?

    20 Feb 2010, 15:25 by rykowolf

    Things were looking up for The Who with their 2010 Superbowl performance and the imminent release of Pete Townshend's musical Floss. Unfortunately Townshend's relapsed tinnitus could mean the end of the road.

    "If my hearing is going to be a problem, we’re not delaying shows. We’re finished."
    - Pete Townshend


    How much can he really hear?
    According to Pete, it was Keith Moon's drum-kit explosion on the Smothers Brothers Show in 1967 that was the start of his hearing troubles. He is believed to be completely deaf in one ear as a result of that explosion.

    During the late 80s and the 90s, he could be seen performing mostly with acoustic guitars.

    "My own particular kind of damage was caused by using earphones in the recording studio, not playing loud on stage."
    - Pete Townshend

    For the Who's reunion tour in 1989, a second electric guitarist was added to allow Townshend to play the softer acoustic guitar and piano.

    "If I make a loud noise on the electric guitar for a second, it takes me ten seconds to recover, and in that time I'm completely deaf."
    - Pete Townshend

    Once again, during the Quadrophenia tour in 1996, Pete stuck mostly to his acoustic guitar.

    When the Who returned in 1999, fans were relieved to see Pete back to playing his typically loud electric guitar, no doubt aided greatly by modern technology.

    However the intensive touring took its toll. In 2002 Pete reported that his hearing has gone almost completely and that he could no longer hear his phone ring.

    In 2006 he told the BBC that he had to take 36-hour hearing rests during the recording of Endless Wire. Presumably he could still hear adequately, for he is credited with "mixing" the album.

    Did tinnitus kill the Who?
    The decline of the Who is often attributed to drummer Keith Moon's death in 1978. However Townshend's deteriorating hearing was probably a factor too.

    "We cut so many of the old songs out and made the mistake not to play more rock 'n' roll. Suddenly we began disappointing our fans by not playing rock 'n' roll any more."
    - John Entwistle


    Pete's loud power-chords was what drove the band's energetic performances. And continuing to perform as they did before would've certainly caused Pete to go completely deaf.

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    Keith Moon Roger Daltrey Zak Starkey Pino Palladino Simon Townshend John "Rabbit" Bundrick Eric Clapton The Rolling Stones David Bowie Cream Jimi Hendrix The Beatles Paul McCartney Jeff Beck The Kinks Nirvana The Foo Fighters Lynyrd Skynrd Tom Petty Neil Young Led Zeppelin The Doors The Yardbirds The Small Faces Pink Floyd Traffic Steppenwolf The Byrds Jefferson Airplane John Lennon George Harrison
  • Jazz Musicians honor the Beatles influence on Jazz music

    30 Sep 2009, 19:13 by RadioheadOasis

    Jazz Honors the Beatles" includes nearly 80 quotes about the Fab Four by jazz musicians. You should read some of the quotes it's interesting how the Beatles influenced musicians from other genres. Here are some of the comments and link on the musicians comments.

    www.allaboutjazz.com/php/article.php?id=34064


    The Beatles, in many respects, represent the ultimate fusion of innovation and mass appeal. They managed to push the boundaries of their genre, while at the same time, touching massive numbers of people. Compared to the three or four chord songs of their contemporaries, this music revolutionized pop music. You can take almost any of their songs, on any album, play just the melody on any tonal instrument and you'd recognize it as a great tune. How many other people can say that?

    The Beatles were the first at many things, including: destroying the division between high and low art, introducing Indian music into the pop realm, combining pop, avant garde, and classical impulses in meaningful way. The Beatles fused melodicism and harmony with the spirit of rock and roll. So much of their song writing was from an era where songs were truly songs, that's why so many jazz artists have recorded Beatles tunes. Melodies, chord changes, and actual song structure. The sounds they achieved at the time with such limited technology. "Tomorrow Never Knows" from Revolver is an excellent example. On that song, McCartney came in with the idea of using tape loops and tape reversal. Also, Lennon's vocals were run through a Leslie speaker which had never been done before. It's these kind of techniques. the Beatles weren't afraid to break convention in their songwriting and records. "Good Morning" and "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds" have odd meter bars. From the beginning they always used Major 6th and dominant 9th chords reflecting their affinity with jazz and rhythm and blues. The use of interesting choices in rock/pop music instrumentation (piccolo trumpet, sitar, French horn, string ensembles etc). They used the recording studio to experiment with extensive editing techniques and innovations like running a track backwards and recording on top of that. They wrote and recorded pop, country and western, rock, blues and ballads.


    Rubber Soul and especially Revolver and continued through all the subsequent recordings. These albums contain many beautiful examples of studio experimentation, orchestration and song writing. Their lyrics combine elements of surrealism, postmodernism and social commentary. The idea of the concept album or suite in pop/rock music really takes off with Sgt. Pepper's and continues with beautiful sequences such as the second half of Abbey Road. Seldom if ever has avant-garde strains been as popular or exposed to a wider audience as in pieces from "The White Album," Revolver, Abbey Road or Magical Mystery Tour. The songwriting so purely melodic and harmonic, the songs can be played in any context. The density of textures and the amount of activity on many tracks, and the sheer number of different colors in the orchestration became the blueprint for much of rock music and popular music.

    The Beatles, with considerable help from George Martin, created a body of work which influenced highly divergent musicians in multiple ways.
  • My 10 Favorite Bands

    2 Aug 2009, 05:51 by bubaganc

    1. The Beatles
    2. The Band
    3. The Allman Brothers Band
    4. The Doors
    5. Wings
    6. Creedence Clearwater Revival
    7. The Who
    8. Pink Floyd
    9. Oasis
    10. The Jam
  • World's best-selling music artists

    2 Jul 2009, 18:30 by RadioheadOasis

    The definitive ranking of the Twentieth Century

    Top Achievements / Albums

    most successful artists SOURCE: IFPI / MEDIA TRAFFIC

    1 Beatles

    2 Elvis Presley

    3 Michael Jackson

    4 Pink Floyd

    5 Madonna

    6 Elton John

    7 Led Zeppelin

    8 Rolling Stones

    9 U2

    10 Queen
  • The Most Influential Rock Albums

    27 May 2009, 17:22 by RadioheadOasis

    1- The Beatles- Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)
    2- The Beach Boys- Pet Sounds (1966)
    3- Bob Dylan- Bringing it All Back Home
    4- Jimi Hendrix- Are You Experienced
    5- In The Court of Crimson King - King Crimson (prog rock)
    6- Black Sabbath- Black Sabbth
    7- Velvet Underground & Nico- Velvet Underground
    8- Kraftwerk - Trans-Europa Express
    9- The Beatles- Revolver
    10- Led Zeppelin 1- by Led Zeppelin
    11- The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators - 13th Floor Elevators (psychedelic rock
    12- Elvis Presley- Elvis Presley
    13- Bob Dylan- "Highway 61 Revisited
    14- David Bowie, The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars
    15- The Clash, London Calling
    16- The Sex Pistols - Never Mind the Bollocks
    17- Nirvana- Nevermind
    18- Master of Puppets - Metallica
    19- Chuck Berry- Is on Top
    20- Robert Johnson King of the Delta Blues Singers
    21- The Ramones- The Ramones
    22- Joni Mitchell- Blue
    23- Brian Eno- Discreet Music
    24- The Beatles- Meet The Beatles
    25- The Who- My Generation
    26- The Stooges - The Stooges
    27- Patti Smith- Horses
    28- REM- Murmur
    29- Van Halen- Van Halen
    30- OK Computer- Radiohead
  • The Most Influential Rock Artists

    8 May 2009, 17:22 by RadioheadOasis

    Just my list.

    Criteria

    Influence on songwriting, recording production, influence on various subgenres, albums, musical, influence on modern music today, and the amount of followers.

    1. The Beatles
    2. Bob Dylan
    3. Jimi Hendrix
    4. Chuck Berry
    5. The Who
    6. Led Zeppelin
    7. Elvis Presley
    8. Buddy Holly
    9 The Beach Boys
    10. Pink Floyd
    11 The Velvet Underground
    12 The Rolling Stones
    13 Black Sabbath
    14 The Byrds
    15 The Kinks
    16 The Yardbirds
    17 Little Richard
    18 Fats Domino
    19 The Ramones
    20. Cream
    21 Neil Young
    22 David Bowie
    23 The Clash
    24 The Sex Pistols
    25. Nirvana
    26. Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention
    27. King Crimson
    28. James Brown
    29. Stevie Wonder
    30. The Stooges
  • Progressive Rock Timeline

    6 Apr 2009, 19:04 by RadioheadOasis

    An early Progressive Rock Timeline

    1- Frank Zappa

    Frank Zappa & The Mothers of Invention - Absolutely Free (USA) (1967

    2- The Beatles

    The Beatles - Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)

    3- Procol Harum

    Procol Harum - Procol Harum (England) (1967)

    4- Pink Floyd

    Pink Floyd - The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (England) (1967

    5- The Moody Blues

    The Moody Blues - Days of Future Passed (England) (1967)

    6- The Nice

    The Nice - The Thoughts of Emerlist Davjack (England) (1967)

    7- Traffic

    Traffic- Mr Fantasy England 1967

    8- Tomorrow

    Tomorrow- Tomorrow

    9- Frank Zappa

    Frank Zappa - Lumpy Gravy (USA) (1967

    10- Pink Floyd

    Pink Floyd - A Saucerful of Secrets (England) 1968

    11- Family

    Family - Music In A Doll's House (England)

    12- Arthur Brown

    Arthur Brown- Crazy World of Arthur Brown 1968 (England)

    13- Giles, Giles and Fripp

    Giles, Giles and Fripp - Giles, Giles and Fripp (England) 1968

    14- Caravan

    Caravan - Caravan (England) 1968

    15- Jethro Tull

    Jethro Tull - This Was (England) 1968

    16- The Nice

    The Nice - Ars Longa Vita Brevis (England) 1968

    17- The Soft Machine

    Soft Machine - Volume One (England) 1968

    18- The Moody Blues

    Moody Blues - In Search of the Lost Chord (England) 1968

    19- The Pretty Things

    Pretty Things - S.F. Sorrow (England) 1968

    20- Procol Harum

    Procol Harum- Shine on Brightly 1968 (England)

    21- Frank Zappa

    Frank Zappa & the Mothers of Invention - We're Only In It For The Money (USA) 1968

    22- Colosseum

    Colosseum- Those Who Are About To Die Salute You (England) 1969

    23- The Who

    The Who- Tommy (England) 1969

    24- The Moody Blues

    Moody Blues - On the Threshold of a Dream (England) 1969

    25- The Soft Machine

    Soft Machine - Volume Two (England) 1969

    26- Touch

    Touch - Touch (USA) 1969

    27- Yes

    Yes- Yes (1969) England

    28- The Nice

    The Nice - The Nice (England) 1969

    29- The Beatles

    The Beatles- Abbey Road (England) 1969

    30- Van der Graaf Generator

    Van der Graaf Generator - The Aerosol Grey Machine (England, although original album was released only in USA)) 1969

    31- King Crimson

    King Crimson - In the Court of the Crimson King (England) 1969

    32- Renaissance

    Renaissance - Renaissance (England) 1969

    33- Jethro Tull

    Jethro Tull - Stand Up (England) 1969

    34- The Moody Blues

    Moody Blues - To Our Children's Children's Children (England)

    35- East of Eden

    East of Eden - Mercator Projected (England)

    36- Pink Floyd

    Pink Floyd- Ummagumma 1969 (England)

    37- Wigwam

    Wigwam - Hard 'n' Horny (Finland) 1969

    38- High Tide

    High Tide – Sea Shanties 1969

    39- Frank Zappa

    Frank Zappa - Hot Rats (USA) 1969

    40- Tangerine Dream

    Tangerine Dream- ELECTRONIC MEDITATION recorded in late 1969 (Germany
  • Greatest Experimental Rock Songs

    1 Apr 2009, 17:25 by RadioheadOasis

    This is just a list of early Experimental Rock Songs from the mid to late 60's. Progressive Rock, Psychedelic rock, electronic, musique concrete, jazz fusion, and World Music influences are the basis of the list. It's no order.

    King Crimson- In The Court Of The Crimson King-King Crimson-
    King Crimson- Epitaph-King Crimson
    King Crimson- 21st Century Schizoid Man
    King Crimson- Talk to the Wind
    Jimi Hendrix Experience- Voodoo Chile-
    Jimi Hendrix Experience - Are You Experienced
    Jimi Hendrix Experience- Third Stone From The Sun
    Jimi Hendrix Experience- And The Gods Made Love
    Frank Zappa- Who Are the Brain Police
    Frank Zappa- The Return of the Son of Monster Magnet
    Frank Zappa- Brown Shoes Don’t Make It
    Frank Zappa - Peaches En Regalia
    The Who- The Ox
    The Who- Quick one while he's away
    The Who- Armenia in the Sky
    The Nice - The Diamond Hard Blue Apples Of The Moon
    The Nice - America 1968
    The Nice- Rondo
    The Byrds “Eight Miles High”
    The Byrds "Mind Garden"
    The Silver Apples- Oscillations
    The Silver Apples - Ruby
    The Silver Apples - Seagreen Serenades
    The Beach Boys- Good Vibrations
    GENESIS - In the Beginning
    GENESIS - The Serpent
    The Beatles- Tomorrow Never Knows”
    The Beatles - A Day in the Life”
    The Beatles- Within You Without You
    The Beatles- Revolution 9
    The Yardbirds- Still Im Sad”
    The Yardbirds- Over Under Sideways Down
    Pink Floyd- A Saucerful of Secrets
    Pink Floyd- Interstellar Overdrive
    Pink Floyd- Astromony Domine
    Pink Floyd- Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun
    Pink Floyd- Several Species of Small Furry Animals Gathered Together in a Cave and Grooving with a Pict
    The Rolling Stones- Gomper
    The Rolling Stones- 2,000 Light Years From Home
    Giles, Giles & Fripp - Make it today
    The Velvet Underground- Heroin
    The Velvet Underground- Venus In Furs
    The Velvet Underground- Sister Ray
    Soft Machine- Moon In June
    Soft Machine- Joy of a Toy
    Soft Machine - Hibou, Anemone & Bear
    Steve Miller Band- The Beauty of Time Is That It's Snowing
    The Monks - Shut Up
    Renaissance - Kings and Queens
    Colosseum - Valentyne Suite part 1
    The Doors- The End
    The Doors- Strange Days
    The Doors- Crystal Ship
    PROCOL HARUM- In Held 'Twas in I
    Van Der Graaf Generator- Octopus
    Van Der Graaf Generator- Afterwards
    Red Crayola Hurricane- Fighter Plane
    Red Crayola- Free Form Freakout
    Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band- When Big Joan Sets Up
    Jethro Tull- Dharma for One
    Jethro Tull-"Bourée" (J. S. Bach arr. Jethro Tull
    Tangerine Dream- Journey Through a Burning Brain
    Tangerine Dream - Genesis
    The Quintessence - Midnight Mode
    Spirit- Mechanical World –
    Spirit- Taurus
    H.P. Lovecraft- At The Mountains of Madness
    H.P. Lovecraft- Electrallentando
    Tomorrow- My White Bicycle
    Traffic- Paper Sun
    Country Joe & The Fish- Section 43
    The Incredible String Band- Creation
    The Incredible String Band - The Iron Stone
    The United States of America- Cloud Song
    The United States of America - The Garden of Earthly Delights
    Electric Prunes- 'To Much To Dream Last Night'
    The Moody Blues- Nights in White Satan
    The Moody Blues- Om
    Donovan- Three Kingfishers
    Paul Butterfield Blue Band- East-west"
    The Pretty Things- "Defecting Grey
    Jefferson Airplane- Two Heads"
    Jefferson Airplane- Embryonic Journey
    Jefferson Airplane- A Small Package of Value Will Come to You, Shortly
    It's a Beautiful Day- White Bird"
    Jeff Beck- Beck’ s Bolero
    Led Zeppelin- Black Mountain Side
    Led Zeppelin- How Many More Times
    Cream- Toad
    Cream- White Room
    High Tide - Death Warmed Up
    Os Mutantes - Dia 36
    Les Yper Sound - Psyche Rock
    SAGITTARIUS-VIRGO
    The Fourth Way - The far side of your moon
    Arzachel - Leg
    East of Eden - Northern Hemisphere
    Xhol Caravan - All Green
    The Family - The Chase
    The Electric Tomorrow- Sugarcube
    Ceyleib People – Changes
    Status Quo- Technicolour Dreams
    White Noise - Love Without Sound
    High Tide - Death Warmed Up
  • The Beatles Timeline 1962-1966

    26 Feb 2009, 19:01 by RadioheadOasis

    The Beatles Timeline 1962-1966

    1962- The Beatles were the first Liverpool band to get a major record deal

    The Beatles release "Love Me Do" rose to #17 on the UK charts during the autumn on 1962 and is Merseybeat first chart hit.

    The Beatles early sound unlike typical rock and roll, Merseybeat was more likely to incorporate secondary harmony, especially in the middle eight. Example "Love Me Do" suggests folk or skiffle more than rock ‘n’ roll

    Prior to the Beatles' success, northern groups had had no success breaking into the British record business

    The Beatles record "Please Please Me" Right from its very first bars, the song burst with a dynamism that was not just unheard of in British rock & roll, but had rarely been heard in rock music of any sort. Already showing quirky chord changes Critic Roy Carr went as far as to proclaim that "Please Please Me" "was the prototype for the next five years of British music.

    1963-

    The Beatles record the album Please Please Me. An album that broke the Merseybeat sound around Britain and it's first number one album. An
    surprising harmonies, melodic progressions, hard-driving rock & roll, Twist and Shout," the most famous single take in rock history. The album remains number one until it is replaced by their own With The Beatles.

    "Twist and Shout"- With it's clanging guitar sound and pounding drums was the hardest track recorded in Britain at that point. Beatles historian Mark Lewisohn calls it "arguably the most stunning rock and roll vocal performance of all time; two-and-a-half minutes of Lennon shredding his vocal chords to bits."

    "There's a Place"- Uncommon song topic The subject matter anticipates the Beach Boys' "In My Room," which was recorded five months later, though there is no reason to think that its authors, Brian Wilson and Gary Usher, got a chance to hear "There's a Place" before writing it.

    "From Me to You"- In one of many examples of the pair's flair for alternating major and minor chords and keys in captivating ways. That's especially apparent at the beginning of the bridge, in which the song leaps to a totally unexpected and thrillingly different key;

    "I Want to Hold Your Hand"- The song that basically started the British Invasion. The first self penned song to top the American charts by a British Rock Act. The guitar organ like sounds on John Lennon rhythm was achieved by extreme compression. They would experiment more on organ like guitar sounds in years to follow.

    The Beatles release "With the Beatles". An album highly influenced by Motown, sophisticated series of chords, melodies, and harmonies.

    "Not a Second Time"- The unusual chord changes are almost jazz in their nature (though the rhythm and backing are pure rock. One of the first serious appreciative musical criticism in rock William Mann of The Times in London."

    "It Won't Be Long"- A song with chords and harmonies that reaches far beyond standard rock and soul progressions of the time.

    1964-

    The Beatles, Meet the Beatles (1964, Capitol).
    The one record that more than any other awakened young American folk musicians to the possibilities of electric rock music.

    The British Invasion Starts, The Beatles' success, had begun to open the U.S. market for fellow Brits like the Rolling Stones, the Animals, and the Kinks, and inspired young American groups like the Beau Brummels, Lovin' Spoonful, and others to mount a challenge of their own with self-penned material that owed a great debt to Lennon-McCartney.

    The Beatles release CAN'T BUY ME LOVE and this becomes the first major pop hit Rickenbacker electric 12-String Guitar that would influence countless guitarists.

    APRIL 6
    BILLBOARD CHARTS - Places Beatles songs in top five slots:
    1) CAN'T BUY ME LOVE
    2) TWIST AND SHOUT
    3) SHE LOVES YOU
    4) I WANT TO HOLD YOUR HAND
    5) PLEASE PLEASE ME

    The Beatles release the song “A Hard Day’s Night,” features an opening chord so revolutionary that people are still trying to figure out. "A Hard Day's Night" Starts with 12-string guitar chord that opens "A Hard Day's Night or the George Harrison chord. The song has the unison imaginative keyboards by producer George Martin and 12 string guitar solo, and the fade closed on a series of an eerie unaccompanied circular 12-string guitar notes by Harrison that would be similar in the future style of Roger McGuinn.

    The Beatles release the album "A Hard Day's Night" The Beatles first all original album of songs with it's jangly guitars influenced such future genres power pop, jangle pop, electric 12 string rock, and folk rock. George Harrison's resonant 12-string electric guitar leads were hugely influential; the movie helped persuade the Byrds, then folksingers, to plunge all out into rock & roll.

    "Things We Said Today"- Introduced by and speckled with rapidly strummed triplets of acoustic guitar chords, it is also one of their folkier early outings, and if only in hindsight waved somewhat in the direction of folk-rock. Minor-keyed sad melodies set the tone in the verses, brightened briefly by a couple of lines which move up to sunnier climes, and then dip down again into melancholy territory. The group's genius for contrasting moods in their verses and bridges blooms especially strongly in "Things We Said Today," as the main body of the song segues into a bridge with a far brighter and more uplifting melody. All Music Guide Review

    "I Call Your Name"- An early rock attempt to introduce ska The song's midsection is the Beatles' first attempt to introduce ska (which was then known as "bluebeat" and later "Reggae") to European and American audiences. The change of signature and a middle 8 guitar melody not related, derivative or variation of the main melody is one of many progressive aspects in this early 1964 song.

    "I Feel Fine"- Rock music first major hit with intentional guitar feedback and it's first song that uses it as recording effect or intentional to be part of a composition on record. Feedback was so common on stage unintentionally that someone had to start using it creatively The song starts with feedback distortion on an acoustic guitar, followed by a riff-driven guitar song.

    Typical of the Beatles "Pop-R&B" synthesis Verse follows blues progressions, uses blues flats etc., but chorus/refrain shifts gears: new chords introduced, level of rhythmic activity changes

    "She's a Woman"- Some consider "She's A Woman" an important early Ska song, due to its heavy accented back-beat, or a rare Beatles stab at "garage rock," due to its rough nature
    and three-chord structure.

    The Beatles release Beatles For Sale considered by many the Beatles worst album. It resembles “A Hard Day’s Night” in it's acoustic based rhythm guitars with jangly guitars. However it’s important as it brings rock music closer to folk rock in songs like “I’m A Loser” and country rock “I Don’t Want to Spoil The Party. The opening three songs, along with "I Don't Want to Spoil the Party," are implicitly confessional and all quite bleak

    "I'm A Loser" Musically, "I'm a Loser" is strongly influenced by folk music thus nudging folk and rock a little closer together toward the folk-rock explosion of the following year.

    "I Don't Want To Spoil Party" a song overtly influenced by Country music.

    "Every Little Thing”- This song is one of the first precursors of the group's famed "middle period," featuring all of that period's stylistic hallmarks: folk-rock guitars, a fadeout instead of an ending, and unusual instrumentation -- in this case tympani drums, which Ringo added to take 8 to make the finished take 9.

    "What You're Doing"- A huge influence on the folk-rock movement, coming a full six months before the Byrds recorded "Mr. Tambourine Man." There were other stylistic innovations in this recording, including a very heavy (for the time) bass sound and a piano track by George Martin that produced strange chordal effects when laid against the lead guitar. The home key and chord changes would also show up prominently in Paul's songs of the "middle period," particularly "Drive My Car

    1965-

    "Ticket To Ride"- Noted for it's massive chiming and droning bass guitar sound. The raga-rock drum pattern would be followed the next year on "Tomorrow Never Knows". The track uses varispeeding and its use of unrelated coda in the form of a tempo change.

    "Yes It Is"- The unusual dissonance in vocal harmonies. The guitar sounds are created with the use of volume swells with guitar harmonics on two guitar parts.

    The Beatles release the album Help. The Beatles start to show eclecticism that started to reach beyond the bounds of what had previously been considered rock music. Styles like chamber pop, Bluegrass, folk rock, country, and baroque influence start to surface.

    "You Like Me Too Much"- Though a minor George Harrison song it is one of the earliest examples of this technique, the Beatles run the Steinway through a Hammond B-3's rotating Leslie speaker, a trick they would come back to over and over again. When the intro ends, you can actually hear the Leslie being switched off"!

    "Yesterday"- Is the Beatles most covered song is a Chamber Pop instrumental backing consists entirely of acoustic guitar and a string quartet (two violins, viola, and cello), with the two elements mixed 100% apart from each other onto separate stereo channels and the vocal split down the middle.

    "You've Got To Hide Your Love Away"- A very folksy song two-bridge pop song that is in 3/4 time signature in Mixolydian Mode. The fade out with flutes has a baroque styled ending.

    "I've Just Seen a Face"- An acoustic arrangement which integrates R&B, pop-rock, and folk in a bluegrass pace.

    The Shea Stadium concert on August 15. It was the first concert to be held at a major outdoor stadium of over 55,000 people and it starts Arena Rock.

    "We Can Work It Out"- The harmonium swell-pedal crescendos on thee verses are the, textural washes added in the studio, the first of their kind on a Beatles record and signposts to the enriched sound-palette of Revolver. Rock music first major hit using harmonium.

    "Day Tripper"- Riff/ starts the ostinato riff and then with just double-tracked guitar, second with bass guitar added, third with rhythm guitar and. Modified blues progression with harmonic surprises
    Unusual melody: only vaguely blues-related with distinctive use of "dissonant" notes
    Instrumental solo section more complex than usual with multiple layers of activity, increasing tension before breaking back into original ostinato.

    The Beatles (Rubber Soul) 1965 Brian Wilson sited it as an inspiration for "Pet Sounds." This was where rock became a true art form? They incorporated different time signatures, new instruments, European influences, and other musical styles. This album also uses the studio as an instrument before Pet Sounds. "Think for Yourself" and "If I Needed Someone" has guitar tones and vocal harmonies closer to what would be the standard in the psychedelic movement.

    October,(1965) The BEATLES record "Norwegian Wood", which contains elements close to psychedelia. At least two of the band members had taken LSD at this point. The track appears on "Rubber Soul", released in December.The Beatles - Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) [Take 2] sounds very Psychedelic.

    "Norwegian Wood"- George Harrison becomes the first rock guitarist to play the sitar in a pop recording. The Beatles use non-blues modality ‘; in this song the verse is written in E Mixolydian while the bridge is written in E Dorian. They experimented with non-blues modality even further on Revolver.

    "The Word"- This John Lennon song is known for its pre "All You Need Is Love" hippie anthem by almost two years. The funky bass playing by Paul, odd rhythm by Ringo on what might be the first organ solo (technically harmonium) in a psychedelic rock context, on the Beatles’

    "Think For Yourself"- Is a tour de force in altered scales with lyrics that is political in nature. The song is well known for its use of a double bass style one lead fuzz bass through a fuzz box and the other regular tone.

    Rubber Soul might be the first great rock album and other highlights include the mature "In My Life" and "Michelle"

    1966

    January, (1966) John Lennon writes "Tomorrow Never Knows" The lyrics refer to the same source as Leary's The Psychedelic Experience

    March, (1966) John Lennon records demos for what was to become "She Said, She Said", a clearly LSD-influenced song.

    May 27
    PAPERBACK WRITER / RAIN (single) is released (Capitol Records)

    "Rain"- With its hazy, droning guitars and backwards vocals on the fade. The heavy sonic texture was achieved by recording the music fast then playing the tape normally, "the music had a radically different tonal quality. The bass boosted sound was by using a loudspeaker as a microphone. The guitar sound is hazy drone sound with Paul bass and Ringo drums playing basically lead off each other.

    "Paperback Writer"- Partly influenced by the Who. Paperback Writer is known for its boosted bass sound, soaring vocal harmonies, and fat heavy distorted guitar sound.

    June 6
    "Ed Sullivan Show" - Beatles "Paperback Writer" & "Rain" Promo Videos aired for television

    Revolver (1966) The Beatles (Revolver) 1966 Revolutionary in early preoccupation with "psychedelic" effects as a studio instrument, including electronic/tape effects, sound distortion, influence of Indian music, and avant-garde. New recording technique inclued Automatic Double Tracking, layered tape looped effects, many kinds of reserve tape effects, and vocals through leslie amps.

    "Love You To"- In "Love You To", we find a genuinely Indian-styled usage of mode, melody, rhythm and instrumentation. Even the form, which otherwise maintains a "neo-classical" boxy rock form preserves the Indian convention of an out-of-tempo improvised slow intro". Also considered the first pop song to emulate a non western form in instrumentation and form.

    "Tomorrow Never Knows"- The Beatles, particularly McCartney, became heavily influenced by experimental German composer, Karlheinz Stockhausen. Beginning with Tomorrow Never Knows they began experimenting with tape loops, musique-concrète, backward music, repetition drum & bass sound, and effects which were crucial to the development of modern electronica.

    "Eleanor Rigby"- The song unusual arrangement of a double octet and vocal harmonies marked a departure for pop music. "Eleanor Rigby’ also experiments with mode, though more of an English folk-like approach to modality than an eastern approach.

    "Taxman"- George Harrison song "Taxman". It features a distorted sounding funk riff featuring the dominant 7th/ sharp 9 chord (often called "The Jimi Hendrix Chord") ironically the Beatles used this chord many times before Hendrix THOUGH NEVER OF THEM OF COURSE INVENTED THE CHORD. The song features Indian melody incorporating some ingenious key changes and some unison riffing in the last verse. Of course all underpinned by McCartney funky bass playing. "The Word" from Rubber Soul a year earlier has sort of similar funk groove. I think it's interesting the Beatles compared to their British blues-rock brothers were experimenting with early funk influences and no one really talks about that in their music.

    Revolver has many great songs including the dual guitar harmonies of "And Your Bird Can Sing" and the backward guitar riffs of "I'm Only Sleeping". Along , imbued with churning, distorted guitars, references to drug trips.

    November 24 "Strawberry Fields Forever" recording starts.

    "Strawberry Fields Forever"- A psychedelic classic complete with electronic music and tape- reversed effects, in a maze of odd time signatures. Two different takes were recorded and spliced together using variable tape speed techniques that uses different tempos, in different keys, different instrumental backing. Then the song ends, and then fades back in backwards then in it fades out again. George Harrison plays an exotic Indian instrument swarmandal. Some of the other interesting aspects are reversed cymbals and the fade-out/ false ending/fade-in/ extended jam was a new wrinkle in song form in pop music.

    "Penny Lane"- Uses classical string interludes along with brass instruments for a big production psychedelic pop-rock song. The piano and harmonium were both played through Vox guitar amps and miked to create reverb, feedback that crops up from time to time It's has a wonderful melody, rich chord sequences, and brilliant key changes.

    The Beatles influence on Modern Music

    Beatles' ability to marry studio experimentation with a strong pop song structure is such a profound influence that it's taken for granted. I'd say it's their most important contribution. It's the very foundation of how music is still made, so I'd say their influence is very much evident today, even if not everybody knows it. I still say to this day the most prophetic record of the Sixties wasn't "Yesterday" or "Satisfaction" but "Tomorrow Never Knows," which sums up most of where music has gone. Minus the vocals, it's virtually an early hip-hop record that's as much Public Enemy as it is Philip Glass. Today's music is mostly about sound texture and the group that got us thinking about it the most is the Beatles. Some love to dismiss "Sgt. Peppers," and especially "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite," if all that random splicing up of tape and punching it into a song for sound effects can't be found in Kanye West or many hip-hop crews of the last 25 years or so.

    Whether we're talking Radiohead, Coldplay, U2, L.A. Reid or Raphel Saadiq, to mention a few, they still mention or show the Beatles' influence. The Smithereens recently covered the entire "Meet the Beatles" album. Phish has performed all of the "White Album" in concert.

    The influence they had on some of their peers.

    Mick Jagger

    "Keith liked the Beatles because he was quite interested in their chord sequences. He also liked their harmonies, which were always a slight problem to the Rolling Stones. Keith always tried to get the harmonies off the ground but they always seemed messy. What we never really got together were Keith and Brian singing backup vocals. It didn't work, because Keith was a better singer and had to keep going, oooh, ooh ooh (laughs). Brian liked all those oohs, which Keith had to put up with. Keith was always capable of much stronger vocals than ooh ooh ooh".

    Keith Richards,

    "The Beatles) were perfect for opening doors... When they went to America they made it wide open for us. We could never have gone there without them. They're so fucking good at what they did. If they'd kept it together and realized what they were doing, instead of now doing Power to the People and disintegrating like that in such a tatty way. It's a shame. The Stones seem to have done much better in just handling success".

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    Roger McGuinn

    "When the Beatles had come out, the folk boom had already peaked," McGuinn notes. "The people who had been into it were getting kind of burned out. It just wasn't very gratifying, and it had become so commercial that it had lost its meaning for a lot of people. So the Beatles kind of re-energized it for me. I thought it was natural to put the Beatles' beat and the energy of the Beatles into folk music. And in fact, I heard folk chord changes in the Beatles' music when I listened to their early stuff like 'She Loves You' and 'I Want To Hold Your Hand.' I could hear the passing chords that we always use in folk music: the G-Em-Am-B kind of stuff. So I really think the Beatles invented folk-rock".

    Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead

    "The Beatles were why we turned from a jug band into a rock 'n' roll band," said Bob Weir. "What we saw them doing was impossibly attractive. I couldn't think of anything else more worth doing"

    Bob Dylan

    "They were doing things nobody was doing. Their chords were outrageous, just outrageous, and their harmonies made it all valid. They were pointing the direction music had to go.

    What sparked that original creative spark that
    became prog rock?

    Bill Buford:

    The Beatles. They broke down every barrier that ever existed. Suddenly you could do anything after The Beatles. You could write your own music, make it ninety yards long, put it in 7/4, whatever you wanted.

    Karl Bartos of Kraftwerk

    "Sampling has been around since the Beatles they did it all. There is no difference between using tapes and digital machinery." Yawn again

    Robert Fripp on hearing the Beatles Sgt Pepper

    Robert Fripp- "When I was 20, I worked at a hotel in a dance orchestra, playing weddings, bar-mitzvahs, dancing, cabaret. I drove home and I was also at college at the time. Then I put on the radio (Radio Luxemburg) and I heard this music. It was terrifying. I had no idea what it was. Then it kept going. Then there was this enormous whine note of strings. Then there was this colossal piano chord. I discovered later that I'd come in half-way through Sgt. Pepper, played continuously. My life was never the same again".

    Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys

    "Upon first hearing Rubber Soul in December of 1965, Brian Wilson said, “I really wasn’t quite ready for the unity. It felt like it all belonged together. Rubber Soul was a collection of songs…that somehow went together like no album ever made before".

    Pete Townshend of the Who

    "In a 1967 interview Pete Townshend of the Who commented "I think "Eleanor Rigby" was a very important musical move forward. It certainly inspired me to write and listen to things in that vein"

    BARRY McGUIRE

    What were the key motivations behind your switch from the commercial folk you were doing with the New Christy Minstrels to folk-rock?

    "But times changed, and I changed, and I didn't feel that way anymore. The Beatles were happening. I think that was probably the main thing. The Beatles just changed the whole world of music".